Syn. Musc. Frond. 2: 517. 1851,
Phenology: Capsules mature fall through spring (Oct–May).
Habitat: Common on moist open sandy, loamy, or clay soils, mud, and rock outcrops in a wide variety of open habitats, including roadsides, ditches, meadows, prairies, sand dunes, and creeks
Elevation: 0-600 m
Ala., Conn., Del., D.C., Fla., Ga., Ill., Ind., Iowa, Kans., Ky., La., Md., Mich., Minn., Miss., N.J., N.Y., N.C., Ohio, Okla., Pa., R.I., S.C., Tenn., Tex., Va., Mexico, West Indies, Asia, Africa, Indian Ocean Islands, Pacific Islands.
Archidium ohioense is the most widespread and variable species in the genus. J. A. Snider (1975) assigned many names to the synonymy of this species. In the United States, the plants vary from rather tall, lax, weakly branched forms with longer leaves in wet sites to short, strongly branched forms with shorter leaves in drier sites. The perichaetial position is also highly variable. Future work may show the species to consist of a series of closely similar species, as suggested by the rather anomalous and scattered world distribution. Archidium ohioense is most easily confused with A. alternifolium and A. tenerrimum, but can be distinguished from them by a combination of primarily lateral capsules, antheridia enclosed in leafy bracts, and sexuality autoicous.