Calophyllum

Linnaeus

Sp. Pl. 1: 513. 1753. 1753

,

Gen. Pl. ed. 5, 229. 1754. 1754

Common names: Alexandrian laurel
Introduced
Etymology: Greek kalos, beautiful, and phyllon, leaf
Treatment appears in FNA Volume 6. Treatment on page 64. Mentioned on page 65.
Revision as of 00:37, 28 May 2020 by imported>Volume Importer
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Trees [shrubs], hairy at least on buds, with stilt or loop roots. Stems ± flattened and angled when young. Leaves: petiole concave, without adaxial protuberance; blade coriaceous, venation close, apparently unbranched, parallel, uniting to form marginal or submarginal vein and alternating with and usually more prominent than latex canals, without tertiary venation visible between lateral veins. Inflorescences racemiform; peduncle and rachis usually present; bracts usually deciduous, small. Flowers bisexual; sepals deciduous, 4, distinct, in decussate pairs, outer 1–2 pairs rarely much different from rest; stamens obscurely 4-fascicled; style slender, ca. 4 times as long as ovary. Fruits drupaceous; pericarp firm or fleshy, smooth when fresh. Seeds 1. x = 16.

Distribution

Introduced; Fla., Mexico, West Indies, Central America, South America, Asia, Africa, Indian Ocean Islands (Madagascar), Pacific Islands.

Discussion

Calophyllum includes about ten species in the American tropics, the rest in Asia, Africa, Madagascar, and the Pacific.

Species ca. 190 (1 in the flora).

... more about "Calophyllum"
Norman K. B. Robson +
Linnaeus +
Alexandrian laurel +
Fla. +, Mexico +, West Indies +, Central America +, South America +, Asia +, Africa +, Indian Ocean Islands (Madagascar) +  and Pacific Islands. +
Greek kalos, beautiful, and phyllon, leaf +
Sp. Pl. +  and Gen. Pl. ed. +
1753 +  and 1754 +
stevens1980a +
Introduced +
Calophyllum +
Calophyllaceae +