Difference between revisions of "Cerastium brachypodum"

(Engelm. ex A. Gray) B. L. Rob.

Mem. Torrey Bot. Club5(Sig. 10): 150. 27 Apr 1894

Common names: Short-stalked mouse-ear chickweed
Synonyms: Cerastium adsurgens Cerastium brachypodum compactum
Basionyms: Cerastium nutans brachypodum
Found in FNA Volume 5. Treatment on page 83. Mentioned on page 75, 81, 84, 85.
 
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{{Treatment/ID
 
{{Treatment/ID
 
|accepted_name=Cerastium brachypodum
 
|accepted_name=Cerastium brachypodum
|accepted_authority=(Engelmann ex A. Gray) B. L. Robinson
+
|accepted_authority=(Engelm. ex A. Gray) B. L. Rob.
|publications={{Treatment/Publication | title=Proc. Amer. Acad. Arts | place=29: 277. 1894}}
+
|publications={{Treatment/Publication | title=Mem. Torrey Bot. Club| place=5(Sig. 10): 150. 27 Apr 1894}}
 
|common_names=Short-stalked mouse-ear chickweed
 
|common_names=Short-stalked mouse-ear chickweed
 
|basionyms=Cerastium nutans brachypodum
 
|basionyms=Cerastium nutans brachypodum

Latest revision as of 21:30, 10 July 2019

FNA5 P11 Cerastium brachypodum.jpeg
Plants annual, with filiform tap-root. Stems erect, simple or several from branched caudex, 5–20 cm, glandular-pubescent, nodes without long, wooly hairs; small axillary tufts of leaves absent. Leaves sessile, not marcescent, usually confined to proximal 1/2 of plant; mid-stem leaves with blade lanceolate to narrowly elliptic or oblanceolate, 5–30 × 2–8 mm, apex ± acute, usually rather sparsely, softly pubescent; proximal leaves sometimes forming loose rosette, blade ovate to obovate or spatulate, apex ± obtuse. Inflorescences compact to open, dichotomous, 3–30-flowered cymes, confined to distal portion of stem; bracts herbaceous, lanceolate, glandular-puberulent. Pedicels often becoming deflexed at base, 3–10(–12) mm, 0.5–1.25 times as long as sepals in flower, elongating to equaling capsule, glandular-pubescent. Flowers: sepals broadly lanceolate, 3–4.5 mm, apex subacute, glandular-puberulent to glabrate, hairs shorter than sepal tip, outer sepals herbaceous or with narrow margins, inner with broad margins; petals ovate-elliptic, 3–4 mm, equaling or shorter than sepals, apex 2-fid; stamens 10; styles 5. Capsules cylindric, curved, 6–12 mm, 2–2.25 times as long as sepals; teeth 10, erect, margins convolute. Seeds golden brown, 0.4–0.7 mm diam., tuberculate, especially around edge; testa not inflated. 2n = 34.

Phenology: Flowering spring and early summer.
Habitat: Grasslands, fields, meadows, open woods, roadsides, waste places, often in seasonally wet rocky or sandy ground
Elevation: 100-2700 m

Distribution

Alta., Man., Ont., Sask., Ala., Ariz., Ark., Colo., Ga., Idaho, Ill., Ind., Iowa, Kans., La., Mich., Mo., Mont., Nebr., Nev., N.Mex., N.Dak., Okla., Oreg., S.C., S.Dak., Tenn., Tex., Utah, Va., Wis., Wyo., Mexico.

Discussion

Cerastium brachypodum differs from C. nutans in its smaller size; its short pedicels, which often become deflexed at the base instead of near the capsule; and its pubescence, which is usually sparser and lacks any long, lanate hairs. However, some specimens from the arid region of the southwest have a dense gray pubescence. Plants from the Arizona desert, which have particularly long and narrow capsules, are the basis for the erroneous report of C. gracile Dufour from that region.

Cerastium fastigiatum can be very similar to C. brachypodum but differs in its longer pedicels, narrowly acute leaves, glandular pubescence on the stems, and much more branched (fastigiate) habit.

References

None.