Difference between revisions of "Cissampelos"

Linnaeus

Sp. Pl. 2: 1031. 175.

,

Gen. Pl. ed. 5, 455. 1754.

Common names: Greek pertaining to ivy or vine)
Treatment appears in FNA Volume 3.
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|title=Sp. Pl.
 
|title=Sp. Pl.
 
|place=2: 1031. 175
 
|place=2: 1031. 175
}}{{Treatment/Publication
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}}, {{Treatment/Publication
 
|title=Gen. Pl. ed.
 
|title=Gen. Pl. ed.
 
|place=5, 455. 1754
 
|place=5, 455. 1754
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}}<!--
 
}}<!--
  
--><span class="statement" id="st-d0_s0" data-properties="vine growth form;vine orientation"><b>Vines,</b> twining or clambering.</span> <span class="statement" id="st-d0_s1" data-properties="stem coloration;stem pubescence;stem pubescence;stem pubescence"><b>Stems </b>green, glabrous to densely pilose.</span> <span class="statement" id="st-d0_s2" data-properties="leaf architecture"><b>Leaves </b>peltate or petiole inserted at base of blade.</span> <span class="statement" id="st-d0_s3" data-properties="leaf-blade shape;leaf-blade shape;base shape;margin architecture or shape;apex shape;apex shape;apex shape;apex shape;apex shape"><b>Leaf-</b>blade usually reniform, sometimes nearly orbiculate, base cordate to truncate, margins entire, apex acute to rounded, often retuse, mucronate;</span> <span class="statement" id="st-d0_s4" data-properties="surface coloration;surface pubescence;surface pubescence;surface pubescence;surface pubescence;surface pubescence;surface pubescence;surface pubescence;surface pubescence;surface pubescence;surface pubescence">surfaces abaxially pale, pilose to densely pilose, adaxially glabrous to pilose.</span> <span class="statement" id="st-d0_s5" data-properties="inflorescence architecture;inflorescence arrangement;leaf variability;leaf size"><b>Inflorescences:</b> pistillate inflorescences fascicles from axils of normal leaves, individual flowers in axils of reduced leaves or bracts upon secondary axillary branches.</span> <span class="statement" id="st-d0_s6" data-properties="flower architecture;sepal quantity;sepal shape;sepal pubescence"><b>Pistillate </b>flowers: sepal 1, obovate, abaxially pubescent;</span> <span class="statement" id="st-d0_s7" data-properties="flower architecture;petal quantity">petal 1;</span> <span class="statement" id="st-d0_s8" data-properties="flower architecture;staminode presence">staminodes absent;</span> <span class="statement" id="st-d0_s9" data-properties="flower architecture;pistil quantity">pistil 1;</span> <span class="statement" id="st-d0_s10" data-properties="flower architecture;ovary architecture or shape;ovary pubescence">ovary asymmetrically pouched, pilose [or glabrous];</span> <span class="statement" id="st-d0_s11" data-properties="flower architecture;stigma shape">stigma 3-5-lobed.</span> <span class="statement" id="st-d0_s12" data-properties="">[Staminate inflorescences and flowers, and mature fruits have not been found in the flora; descriptions given here are for extraterritorial species. <b>Staminate</b> inflorescences axillary, multiflowered cymes from normal leaves, reduced leaves, or bracts. <b>Staminate</b> flowers 2-ranked; sepals 4; petals 4, connate, corolla cup-shaped; stamens 4; anthers on column formed by fused filaments, 1-locular, dehiscing transversely. <b>Drupes</b> nearly globose, pubescent; endocarp bony, warty, ribbed.]</span><!--
+
--><span class="statement" id="st-undefined" data-properties=""><b>Vines,</b> twining or clambering. <b>Stems</b> green, glabrous to densely pilose. <b>Leaves</b> peltate or petiole inserted at base of blade. <b>Leaf</b> blade usually reniform, sometimes nearly orbiculate, base cordate to truncate, margins entire, apex acute to rounded, often retuse, mucronate; surfaces abaxially pale, pilose to densely pilose, adaxially glabrous to pilose. <b>Inflorescences</b>: pistillate inflorescences fascicles from axils of normal leaves, individual flowers in axils of reduced leaves or bracts upon secondary axillary branches. <b>Pistillate</b> flowers: sepal 1, obovate, abaxially pubescent; petal 1; staminodes absent; pistil 1; ovary asymmetrically pouched, pilose [or glabrous]; stigma 3-5-lobed. [Staminate inflorescences and flowers, and mature fruits have not been found in the flora; descriptions given here are for extraterritorial species. <b>Staminate</b> inflorescences axillary, multiflowered cymes from normal leaves, reduced leaves, or bracts. <b>Staminate</b> flowers 2-ranked; sepals 4; petals 4, connate, corolla cup-shaped; stamens 4; anthers on column formed by fused filaments, 1-locular, dehiscing transversely. <b>Drupes</b> nearly globose, pubescent; endocarp bony, warty, ribbed.]</span><!--
  
 
-->{{Treatment/Body
 
-->{{Treatment/Body
|distribution=Tropical and subtropical regions;North America;South America;Africa;and Asia
+
|distribution=Tropical and subtropical regions;North America;South America;Africa;and Asia.
 
|discussion=<p>Species 19 (1 in the flora).</p>
 
|discussion=<p>Species 19 (1 in the flora).</p>
 
|tables=
 
|tables=
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-->{{#Taxon:
 
-->{{#Taxon:
 
name=Cissampelos
 
name=Cissampelos
|author=
 
 
|authority=Linnaeus
 
|authority=Linnaeus
 
|rank=genus
 
|rank=genus
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|basionyms=
 
|basionyms=
 
|family=Menispermaceae
 
|family=Menispermaceae
|distribution=Tropical and subtropical regions;North America;South America;Africa;and Asia
+
|distribution=Tropical and subtropical regions;North America;South America;Africa;and Asia.
 
|reference=rhodes1975a
 
|reference=rhodes1975a
 
|publication title=Sp. Pl.;Gen. Pl. ed.
 
|publication title=Sp. Pl.;Gen. Pl. ed.
 
|publication year=;1754
 
|publication year=;1754
 
|special status=
 
|special status=
|source xml=https://jpend@bitbucket.org/aafc-mbb/fna-fine-grained-xml.git/src/287ef3db526bd807d435a3c7423ef2df1e951227/V3/V3_928.xml
+
|source xml=https://bibilujan@bitbucket.org/aafc-mbb/fna-data-curation.git/src/bb6b7e3a7de7d3b7888a1ad48c7fd8f5c722d8d6/coarse_grained_fna_xml/V3/V3_928.xml
 
|genus=Cissampelos
 
|genus=Cissampelos
|apex shape=mucronate;retuse;acute;rounded
 
|base shape=cordate to truncate
 
|flower architecture=pistillate;pistillate;pistillate;pistillate;pistillate;pistillate
 
|inflorescence architecture=pistillate
 
|inflorescence arrangement=fascicles
 
|leaf architecture=peltate
 
|leaf size=reduced
 
|leaf variability=normal
 
|leaf-blade shape=orbiculate;reniform
 
|margin architecture or shape=entire
 
|ovary architecture or shape=pouched
 
|ovary pubescence=pilose
 
|petal quantity=1
 
|pistil quantity=1
 
|sepal pubescence=pubescent
 
|sepal quantity=1
 
|sepal shape=obovate
 
|staminode presence=absent
 
|stem coloration=green
 
|stem pubescence=glabrous;densely pilose
 
|stigma shape=3-5-lobed
 
|surface coloration=pale
 
|surface pubescence=pilose;densely pilose adaxially glabrous
 
|vine growth form=twining
 
|vine orientation=clambering
 
 
}}<!--
 
}}<!--
  
 
-->[[Category:Treatment]][[Category:Menispermaceae]]
 
-->[[Category:Treatment]][[Category:Menispermaceae]]

Revision as of 23:07, 27 May 2020

Vines, twining or clambering. Stems green, glabrous to densely pilose. Leaves peltate or petiole inserted at base of blade. Leaf blade usually reniform, sometimes nearly orbiculate, base cordate to truncate, margins entire, apex acute to rounded, often retuse, mucronate; surfaces abaxially pale, pilose to densely pilose, adaxially glabrous to pilose. Inflorescences: pistillate inflorescences fascicles from axils of normal leaves, individual flowers in axils of reduced leaves or bracts upon secondary axillary branches. Pistillate flowers: sepal 1, obovate, abaxially pubescent; petal 1; staminodes absent; pistil 1; ovary asymmetrically pouched, pilose [or glabrous]; stigma 3-5-lobed. [Staminate inflorescences and flowers, and mature fruits have not been found in the flora; descriptions given here are for extraterritorial species. Staminate inflorescences axillary, multiflowered cymes from normal leaves, reduced leaves, or bracts. Staminate flowers 2-ranked; sepals 4; petals 4, connate, corolla cup-shaped; stamens 4; anthers on column formed by fused filaments, 1-locular, dehiscing transversely. Drupes nearly globose, pubescent; endocarp bony, warty, ribbed.]

Distribution

Tropical and subtropical regions, North America, South America, Africa, and Asia.

Discussion

Species 19 (1 in the flora).