Sp. Pl. 1: 291. 1753.


Gen. Pl. ed. 5, 141. 1754.

Common names: String-lily swamp-lily
Etymology: Greek krinon, a lily
Treatment appears in FNA Volume 26. Treatment on page 278. Mentioned on page 55, 279.
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Herbs, perennial, scapose, from bulbs with elongate columnar apices. Leaves basal, thick; blade lorate or ensiform, not narrowed near base. Scape solid. Inflorescences umbellate, few- to many-flowered, subtended by 2 large, lanceolate, scarious bracts. Flowers sessile or pedicellate; perianth connate proximally, red to white, often striped, streaked, or overlaid with red abaxially, funnelform to salverform to semicampanulate, tube straight to curved, ca. same length as limb lobes; stamens inserted on perianth tube throat; filaments thin, often declinate; ovary inferior, globose; style slender; stigma capitate. Fruits capsular, globose or subglobose, usually prominently beaked. Seeds fleshy, testa often corky.


Tropical and warm regions worldwide, mostly in Africa.


Species ca. 100 (4 in the flora).


1 Flowers sessile or nearly so. > 2
1 Flowers distinctly pedicellate. > 3
2 Perianth white. Crinum americanum
2 Perianth purplish red, particularly abaxially. Crinum zeylanicum
3 Perianth pink to red; leaves 3–5 cm wide; umbels 8–13-flowered. Crinum bulbispermum
3 Perianth white; leaves 7.5–12 cm wide; umbels 20–100-flowered. Crinum asiaticum