Garryaceae

Lindley
Common names: Silktassel Family
Treatment appears in FNA Volume 12. Treatment on page 548. Mentioned on page 443.
Shrubs or trees, evergreen, dioecious. Leaves opposite (decussate), simple; stipules absent; petiole present, basally connate with that of opposite leaf; blade margins entire, serrate, or dentate; venation pinnate. Inflorescences unisexual, axillary aments or terminal panicles. Flowers unisexual; perianth epigynous; hypanthium absent (staminate flowers), completely adnate to ovary (pistillate flowers); sepals 2, 4, or rudimentary, distinct or connate proximally; petals 0 or 4, distinct; nectary absent or present, intrastaminal, sometimes rudimentary; stamens 4, distinct, free; anthers dehiscing by longitudinal slits; pistil 1, 1-carpellate, ovary inferior, 1-locular, placentation apical; ovules 1–2 per locule, anatropous; styles 1–2(–3), distinct; stigmas 1–2(–3). Fruits drupes or berries. Seeds 1–2 per fruit.

Distribution

w United States, Mexico, West Indies (Cuba, Hispaniola, Jamaica), Central America, e Asia, some species of both genera are cultivated and introduced widely.

Discussion

Genera 2, species 27 (2 genera, 9 species in the flora).

Aucuba and Garrya are strikingly different, especially in their inflorescences, and Aucuba usually has been placed in Cornaceae or in Aucubaceae. However, plants from the two genera have many chemical similarities (A. Liston 2003) and can be readily intergrafted. B. Bremer et al. (2002) and Angiosperm Phylogeny Group (2003) united them in Garryaceae on the basis of molecular, chemical, and morphological evidence indicating that the two have a sister relationship. Aucubaceae was maintained as distinct from Garryaceae in the Flora of China (Xiang Q. Y. and D. E. Boufford 2005).

References

None.

Lower Taxa

Key

1 Inflorescences axillary aments; styles 2(–3), linear-lanceolate. Garrya
1 Inflorescences terminal panicles; style 1, cylindric. Aucuba
Facts about "Garryaceae"
AuthorGuy L. Nesom +
AuthorityLindley +
Common nameSilktassel Family +
Distributionw United States +, Mexico +, West Indies (Cuba +, Hispaniola +, Jamaica) +, Central America +, e Asia + and some species of both genera are cultivated and introduced widely. +
ReferenceNone +
Source xmlhttps://jpend@bitbucket.org/aafc-mbb/fna-data-curation.git/src/f6b125a955440c0872999024f038d74684f65921/coarse grained fna xml/V12/V12 336.xml +
Taxon familyGarryaceae +
Taxon nameGarryaceae +
Taxon rankfamily +
VolumeVolume 12 +