Juncus brevicaudatus

(Engelmann) Fernald

Rhodora 6: 35. 1904.

Common names: Narrow-panicled rush
Basionym: Juncus canadensis var. brevicaudatus Engelmann
Synonyms: Juncus canadensis var. coarctatus EngelmannJuncus canadensis var. kuntzei BuchenauJuncus coarctatus RydbergJuncus kuntzei unknownJuncus tweedyi unknown
Treatment appears in FNA Volume 22.
Revision as of 01:24, 27 July 2019 by FNA>Volume Importer
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Herbs, perennial, cespitose, 1.4–5.5(–7) dm. Culms erect, terete, 1–3 mm diam., smooth. Cataphylls 0–1, straw-colored to pink, apex acute. Leaves: basal 1–3, cauline 1–2; auricles 0.5–3 mm, apex rounded to truncate, scarious; blade terete, 1.5–25 cm × 0.5–2.5 mm. Inflorescences terminal panicles or racemes of 2–35 heads, 1–12 cm, branches erect; primary bract erect; heads 2–8-flowered, ellipsoid to narrowly obconic, 2–9 mm diam. Flowers: tepals green to light brown, lanceolate; outer tepals 2.3–3.1 mm, apex acuminate to rarely obtuse; inner tepals 2.5–3.2 mm, apex acuminate; stamens 3 (or 6), anthers 1/4–1/2 filament length. Capsules exserted, chestnut brown, imperfectly 3-locular, narrowly ellipsoid to prismatic, 3.2–4.8 mm, apex acute proximal to beak, valves separating at dehiscence. Seeds fusiform, 0.7–1.2 mm, tailed; body covered with whitish translucent veil. 2n = 80.

Phenology: Fruiting mid summer–fall.
Habitat: Generally in acidic or peaty moist sites, including emergent shorelines and aroundg hot springs
Elevation: 100–2500 m


V22 274-distribution-map.jpg

Alta., B.C., Man., N.B., Nfld. and Labr., N.S., Ont., P.E.I., Que., Sask., Ariz., Colo., Conn., Maine, Md., Mass., Mich., Minn., Mont., N.H., N.Y., N.C., Oreg., Pa., R.I., Tenn., Utah, Vt., Va., W.Va., Wis., Wyo.


Populations from about around hot springs in the west have been separated as Juncus tweedyi Rydberg, but no morphologic distinction appears to exist between J. tweedyi and J. brevicaudatus.

Selected References


Lower Taxa

... more about "Juncus brevicaudatus"
Ralph E. Brooks* +  and Steven E. Clemants* +
(Engelmann) Fernald +
Juncus canadensis var. brevicaudatus +
Narrow-panicled rush +
Alta. +, B.C. +, Man. +, N.B. +, Nfld. and Labr. +, N.S. +, Ont. +, P.E.I. +, Que. +, Sask. +, Ariz. +, Colo. +, Conn. +, Maine +, Md. +, Mass. +, Mich. +, Minn. +, Mont. +, N.H. +, N.Y. +, N.C. +, Oreg. +, Pa. +, R.I. +, Tenn. +, Utah +, Vt. +, Va. +, W.Va. +, Wis. +  and Wyo. +
100–2500 m +
Generally in acidic or peaty moist sites, including emergent shorelines and aroundg hot springs +
Fruiting mid summer–fall. +
Juncus canadensis var. coarctatus +, Juncus canadensis var. kuntzei +, Juncus coarctatus +, Juncus kuntzei +  and Juncus tweedyi +
Juncus brevicaudatus +
Juncus subg. Septati +
species +