Stirp. Austr. Fasc. 2: 97. 1763
Phenology: Flowering spring (Apr–May).
Habitat: Disturbed areas, especially in grassland
Elevation: 400-2500 m
B.C., Sask., Ariz., Calif., Colo., Idaho, Iowa, Kans., Minn., Mo., Mont., Nebr., Nev., N.Mex., N.Dak., Ohio, Oreg., S.Dak., Utah, Wash., Wyo., native to Eurasia.
In North America, Ranunculus testiculatus seems to be expanding its range rapidly in arid and semiarid areas. A second species of this subgenus, R. falcatus Linnaeus [Ceratocephala falcata (Linnaeus) Persoon], has been reported from North America, but all reports seem to be based on misidentified material of R. testiculatus.