Thalictrum polycarpum

(Torrey) S. Watson
Proc. Amer. Acad. Arts 14: 288. 1879.
Common names: Tall western meadow-rue
Illustrated
Basionym: Thalictrum fendleri var. polycarpum Torrey Pacif. Railr. Rep. 4(5): 61. 1857
Treatment appears in FNA Volume 3.
Revision as of 23:01, 27 May 2020 by imported>Volume Importer
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Roots fibrous. Stems erect, 6-18(-20) dm, glabrous. Leaves mostly cauline, petiolate. Leaf blade 3-4×-ternately compound; leaflets orbiculate to obovate, apically 3-cleft or 3-parted, divisions undivided or shallowly 3-lobed, 15-40 mm wide, lobes rounded or somewhat acute, surfaces glabrous or glandular. Inflorescences terminal, panicles, many flowered. Flowers: sepals whitish to purplish, elliptic to ovate or lanceolate, 2-4(-5) mm; filaments whitish to pinkish, 3-6 mm; anthers (1.4-)2-4 mm, distinctly apiculate. Achenes 10-15, spreading in globose heads, not reflexed, sessile or nearly so; stipe 0-0.6 mm; body nearly globose to obovoid to obliquely obovate, laterally compressed, somewhat inflated and papery, 4-7(-8) mm, glabrous to glandular, often with 1 or 2 primary veins on each side, veins sinuous, branched, anastomosing-reticulate; beak 2-4 mm.


Phenology: Flowering mid-late spring (Apr–Jun).
Habitat: Streamsides and other moist places, forests, and open woodlands
Elevation: 600-3100 m

Distribution

V3 372-distribution-map.gif

Calif., Nev., Oreg., Utah, Mexico (Baja California).

Discussion

Thalictrum polycarpum is the only species in sect. Heterogamia with anastomosing-reticulate veins on the achene.

The stems and roots of Thalictrum polycarpum are considered poisonous when ingested by humans or cattle; Native Americans used this species medicinally as a wash for headaches, as an applications for sprains, and as a universal charm and panacea (D. E. Moerman 1986).

Selected References

None.

Lower Taxa

None.

... more about "Thalictrum polycarpum"
Marilyn M. Park +  and Dennis Festerling Jr. +
(Torrey) S. Watson +
Thalictrum fendleri var. polycarpum +
Tall western meadow-rue +
Calif. +, Nev. +, Oreg. +, Utah +  and Mexico (Baja California). +
600-3100 m +
Streamsides and other moist places, forests, and open woodlands +
Flowering mid-late spring (Apr–Jun). +
Proc. Amer. Acad. Arts +
Illustrated +
Thalictrum polycarpum +
Thalictrum sect. Heterogamia +
species +