Abutilon fruticosum

Guillemin & Perrottet in J. B. A. Guillemin et al.

in J. B. A. Guillemin et al., Fl. Seneg. Tent.1: 70. 1831

Common names: Pelotazo
Synonyms: Abutilon texense
Found in FNA Volume 6. Treatment on page 223. Mentioned on page 222.
Subshrubs, 1–1.5 m. Stems erect, stellate-tomentulose, without simple hairs. Leaves: stipules subulate, 2 mm; petiole shorter than blade; blade ± concolorous, ovate, 2–10 cm (often smaller), somewhat longer than wide, base cordate, margins irregularly serrate, apex acute, surfaces minutely stellate-pubescent. Inflorescences solitary flowers or terminal panicles. Flowers: calyx 3–5 mm, lobes not overlapping, reflexed in fruit, lanceolate-ovate, to 8 mm wide; corolla yellow throughout, petals 5–10 mm; staminal column glabrous; style 6–9-branched. Schizocarps cask-shaped, 8–9 × 8–9 mm; mericarps: apex acute or apiculate, surface tomentulose. Seeds 3 per mericarp, 2 mm, puberulent but appearing glabrous. 2n = 14.

Phenology: Flowering year-round.
Habitat: Open, arid habitats
Elevation: 0–2000 m


Ark., N.Mex., Okla., Tex., Mexico (Chihuahua, Coahuila, Nuevo León, San Luis Potosí, Tamaulipas, Zacatecas), se Europe, n Africa.


Abutilon fruticosum is thought to be native to the New World; it also occurs disjunctly in northern Africa and the Levant countries. It is widespread in southwestern Texas, scarce in Oklahoma and Arkansas, and is known from Chaves and Lincoln counties, New Mexico.



Facts about "Abutilon fruticosum"
AuthorPaul A. Fryxell† + and Steven R. Hill +
Common namePelotazo +
Elevation0–2000 m +
HabitatOpen, arid habitats +
IllustratorLinny Heagy +
PhenologyFlowering year-round. +
ReferenceNone +
SynonymAbutilon texense +
Taxon nameAbutilon fruticosum +
Taxon parentAbutilon +
Taxon rankspecies +
VolumeVolume 6 +