Acanthospermum australe

(Loefling) Kuntze

Revis. Gen. Pl.1: 303. 1891

Basionyms: Melampodium australe
Found in FNA Volume 21. Treatment on page 37.
FNA21 P07 Acanthospermum austral.jpeg
Plants 10–60(–120+) cm. Stems ± procumbent. Leaf blades deltate to ± rhombic or ovate, 13–37 × 7–32 mm, faces sparsely scabrellous to glabrate or glabrescent, gland-dotted. Fruits plumply ellipsoid to fusiform, weakly compressed, 7–9+ mm, 5–7-ribbed, lacking terminal spines, prickles ± uncinate, mostly along ribs. 2n = 22.

Phenology: Flowering year round, mostly Jul–Aug.
Habitat: Disturbed, often sandy sites
Elevation: 0–300 m


Introduced; Ala., Ark., D.C., Fla., Ga., La., Mass., Miss., N.C., Oreg., Pa., S.C., Tex., Va., South America, also introduced in Mexico, West Indies, Central America, Europe, Asia, Africa, Pacific Islands (Hawaii).


Reports of Acanthospermum xanthioides (Kunth) de Candolle from New York are evidently based on specimens of A. australe.



AuthorJohn L. Strother +
BasionymMelampodium australe +
Elevation0–300 m +
HabitatDisturbed, often sandy sites +
IllustratorBarbara Alongi +
PhenologyFlowering year round, mostly Jul–Aug. +
ReferenceNone +
Taxon nameAcanthospermum australe +
Taxon parentAcanthospermum +
Taxon rankspecies +
VolumeVolume 21 +