Agave murpheyi

F. Gibson

Contr. Boyce Thompson Inst. Pl. Res.7: 83, fig. 1. 1935

Common names: Murphey agave Hohokam agave
Found in FNA Volume 26. Treatment on page 456. Mentioned on page 443, 445, 460.
Plants acaulescent, freely suckering; rosettes cespitose, 6–12 × 8–14 dm, open. Leaves ascending, 50–80 × 6–10 cm; blade light glaucous green to yellow green, frequently lightly cross-zoned, spatulate, firm, adaxially concave toward apex, abaxially convex toward base; margins undulate, armed, teeth single, well defined, mostly 3–4 mm, ca. 1–2 cm apart; apical spine dark brown to grayish, conical, 1.2–2 cm. Scape 3–4 m. Inflorescences narrowly paniculate, prolifically bulbiferous; bracts persistent, triangular, 10–15 cm; lateral branches 10–16, slightly ascending, comprising distal 1/4 of inflorescence, longer than 10 cm. Flowers 12–21 per cluster, erect, (5.1–)6–7.5 cm; perianth cream, apex purplish or brownish, tube urceolate, 14–20 × (11–)14–19 mm, limb lobes erect, unequal, (14–)15–20 mm; stamens long-exserted; filaments inserted unequally at or slightly above mid perianth tube, erect, yellow, (3.3–)4.5–5 cm; anthers yellow, (16–)22–25 mm; ovary (1.8–)2.2–4 cm, neck slightly constricted, (0.5–)4–6 mm. Capsules short-pedicellate, obovate to oblong or ovate, 5–7 cm, apex short-beaked. Seeds (7–)9–11 mm. 2n = 60.

Phenology: Flowering late winter–spring.
Habitat: Near drainage systems in desert scrub
Elevation: 400–1000 m

Distribution

Ariz., nw Mexico.

Discussion

Of conservation concern.

Agave murpheyi, used by the Hohokam for food, is known only from around pre-Columbian agricultural and settlement areas. The plants (including bulbils) are easily transported and transplanted. Agave murpheyi hybridizes with A. chrysantha in Arizona.

References

None.

Facts about "Agave murpheyi"
AuthorJames L. Reveal + and Wendy C. Hodgson +
Common nameMurphey agave + and Hohokam agave +
Elevation400–1000 m +
HabitatNear drainage systems in desert scrub +
IllustratorBee F. Gunn +
PhenologyFlowering late winter–spring. +
ReferenceNone +
Taxon nameAgave murpheyi +
Taxon parentAgave +
Taxon rankspecies +
VolumeVolume 26 +