Agave univittata


Philos. Mag. Ann. Chem.10: 415. 1831

Common names: Thorn-crested agave
Synonyms: Agave heteracantha Agave lophantha
Found in FNA Volume 26. Treatment on page 449. Mentioned on page 444.
Plants acaulescent, usually suckering; rosettes densely cespitose, 3–6 × 5–10 dm. Leaves mostly erect, 30–40(–70) × 3–4.5(–5) cm; blade light green to yellowish green, without bud-prints, linear-lanceolate, stiff, adaxially plane to concave toward apex, abaxially convex toward base; margins undulate to crenate, nonfiliferous, not easily detached, conspicuously armed, teeth single or occasionally double, 4–6(–8) mm, 1–2 cm apart; apical spine reddish to grayish, subulate, 1–1.5(–2) cm. Scape 3–4.5(–5) m. Inflorescences spicate, densely flowered on distal 1/2; bracts caducous, acicular, 3–5 cm; peduncle 4 cm or shorter. Flowers 1 on short pedicel, or 2–7 per cluster, erect, 3.5–4(–4.5) cm; perianth greenish white to yellowish green, tube campanulate, 2–4 × 8–10 mm, limb lobes erect to slightly spreading, subequal, 14–20 mm; stamens long-exserted; filaments inserted on rim of perianth tube, spreading, greenish or lavender, 3–4.5 cm; anthers pale yellow, 15–20 mm; ovary 1.8–2.2 cm, neck constricted 5–7 mm. Capsules sessile or short-pedicellate, oblong and 1.8–2.5 cm or globose and 1.5–2 cm, apex beaked. Seeds 5–6 mm. 2n = 60.

Phenology: Flowering spring.
Habitat: Sandy flats
Elevation: 0–100 m


Tex., Mexico.


The name Agave lophantha was mentioned by C. J. W. Schiede (Linnaea 4: 582. 1829) without a description. C. S. Kunth (Enum. Pl. 5: 838. 1850) validated the name, but not before A. univittata was proposed. Neither name is typified nor is any authentic material known. H. S. Gentry (1982) incorrectly retained A. lophantha and it is now widely used. A. J. Breitung (1959) was the first to adopt A. univittata, and that name is taken up here.



Facts about "Agave univittata"
AuthorJames L. Reveal + and Wendy C. Hodgson +
Common nameThorn-crested agave +
Elevation0–100 m +
HabitatSandy flats +
IllustratorBee F. Gunn +
PhenologyFlowering spring. +
ReferenceNone +
SynonymAgave heteracantha + and Agave lophantha +
Taxon nameAgave univittata +
Taxon parentAgave +
Taxon rankspecies +
VolumeVolume 26 +