Ancistrocarphus filagineus

A. Gray

Proc. Amer. Acad. Arts7: 356. 1868

Common names: Hooked groundstar woolly fishhooks
Synonyms: Stylocline filaginea
Found in FNA Volume 19. Treatment on page 466. Mentioned on page 385, 465.
FNA19 P52 Micropsis dasycarpa.jpeg
Plants 2–10(–14) cm. Stems usually 2–10, ascending to prostrate, sometimes 1, ± erect; branches mostly distal (sometimes absent). Leaves basal and cauline, sessile or obscurely petiolate, largest 8–16(–28) × 2–3(–4) mm, very unlike pistillate paleae; bases (of leaves or petioles) ± attenuate, 1-nerved, greenish, herbaceous, scarcely involucral. Heads in glomerules of 2–5 in ± cymiform arrays, 3.5–5 mm (excluding staminate paleae). Phyllaries usually 3–6, minute, ± equal, hyaline, unlike pistillate paleae, sometimes vestigial or apparently 0. Receptacles fungiform, 0.9–1.5 mm. Pistillate paleae: wings prominent, erect, ovate, ± plane. Staminate paleae 5, broadly lanceolate, 2.7–4.1 mm, surpassing pistillate; apices uncinate, terete, acuminate, cartilaginous, spinose. Staminate corollas actinomorphic, 1–1.5 mm, lobes (4–)5(–6), ± equal. Cypselae 1.4–2 × 0.6–0.9 mm, transverse bands 1, proximal, black.

Phenology: Flowering and fruiting mid Mar–late Jun.
Habitat: Open, dry or vernally moist slopes, flats, drainages, shallow rocky to deep sandy or clay soils (often over serpentine or basalt), sometimes disturbed sites (burns, road beds)
Elevation: 60–1900(–2100) m

Distribution

Calif., Idaho, Nev., Oreg., Mexico (Baja California).

Discussion

Ancistrocarphus filagineus occurs nearly throughout the Californian Floristic Province inland from the immediate coast; in the south, it stops at the western fringes of the Mojave and Sonoran deserts; farther north, it continues into the northern Great Basin and Columbia Plateau of Oregon, northern Nevada, and southwestern Idaho. The rigid whorl of inwardly-hooked staminate paleae holds tenaciously to clothing, skin, animal coats, even vehicle tires, providing an effective dispersal mechanism. It is surprising that it has not spread farther.

Plants of populations farther inland, on drier sites and/or in deeper sandy soils, tend to be more compact with leaves shorter, more rounded, and indument denser and whitish. Stylocline filaginea var. depressa has sometimes been misapplied to these unnamed forms. The two forms intermingle enough so as not to warrant formal taxonomic status.

References

None.

AuthorJames D. Morefield +
Common nameHooked groundstar + and woolly fishhooks +
Elevation60–1900(–2100) m +
HabitatOpen, dry or vernally moist slopes, flats, drainages, shallow rocky to deep sandy or clay soils (often over serpentine or basalt), sometimes disturbed sites (burns, road beds) +
IllustratorLinny Heagy +
PhenologyFlowering and fruiting mid Mar–late Jun. +
ReferenceNone +
SynonymStylocline filaginea +
Taxon nameAncistrocarphus filagineus +
Taxon parentAncistrocarphus +
Taxon rankspecies +
VolumeVolume 19 +