Genus 1, species ca. 45 (11 in the flora).
The Andreaeaceae shares with Sphagnaceae the sporophyte raised on a pseudopodium, but the spore sac is derived from the endothecium, not the amphithecium as in the latter family. The spore sac arches over the massive, persistent columella. The longitudinal valves bulge open when the capsules are dry, closing when wet. Erect, thallose protonemal appendages are common and distinctive.