Trans. Amer. Philos. Soc., n. s.7: 300. 1840
w North America, n Mexico.
Species 3 (3 in the flora).
Dieteria has often been included in Machaeranthera because of similarities in habit, ray color, chromosome number, and secondary chemistry. The relationship has also been supported by chloroplast DNA evidence (D. R. Morgan and B. B. Simpson 1992). Nuclear ribosomal DNA evidence conflicts with that from chloroplast DNA on the alliances of Dieteria, suggesting reticulate evolution in the ancestors of Machaeranthera, Dieteria, or both (Morgan 2003). In addition, chloroplast DNA and nuclear ribosomal DNA evidence both support a close relationship between Machaeranthera and Oönopsis, and expansion of Machaeranthera to include Dieteria would also have to include Oönopsis, which differs from Machaeranthera in habit, ray color, chromosome number, leaf morphology, and habitat (Morgan and Simpson; Morgan and R. L. Hartman 2003).
Morphologic variation in Dieteria has resulted in the naming of more than 50 species. The treatment adopted here follows that of B. L. Turner (1987b) in recognizing three species and in defining varieties of D. asteroides, D. bigelovii, and D. canescens. Some of the varieties exhibit combinations of the morphologic characteristics of different species and often have been treated as distinct species, most notably D. asteroides var. lagunensis (as Machaeranthera lagunensis), D. bigelovii var. mucronata (as M. mucronata), D. bigelovii var. commixta (as M. commixta), and D. canescens var. leucanthemifolia (as M. leucanthemifolia). Elements of the three species frequently intergrade in areas of contact. Intergradation occurs also among the varieties within each species; it is especially common among the varieties of D. canescens. Turner included a complete synonymy for the species and varieties of Dieteria, while treating the genus as Machaeranthera sect. Hesperastrum.
|1||Phyllaries and peduncles variously hairy (sometimes stipitate-glandular), rarely both prominently stipitate-glandular||> 2|
|1||Phyllaries and peduncles both prominently stipitate-glandular||> 3|
|2||Phyllaries usually hairy throughout, on both indurate bases and herbaceous apices; apices acute to long-acuminate, 1–6 mm; midstem leaf blades 6–20 mm wide (2–6 mm wide in var. lagunensis)||Dieteria asteroides|
|2||Phyllaries hairy only on herbaceous apices; apices acute to acuminate, 1–3 mm; midstem leaf blades 1.5–6(–8) mm wide||Dieteria canescens|
|3||Leaves stiffly stipitate-glandular||Dieteria asteroides|
|3||Leaves glabrous or hairy, but not stiffly stipitate-glandular||> 4|
|4||Mid leaf blades lanceolate to oblanceolate and 5–15 mm wide, or phyllary apices long-acuminate (2–6 mm), or both||Dieteria bigelovii|
|4||Mid leaf blades linear-lanceolate to linear or linear-oblanceolate (ovate to obovate in var. leucanthemifolia), 1.5–5 mm wide; phyllary apices acute to acuminate (1–3 mm)||Dieteria canescens|
|Author||David R. Morgan +|
|Etymology||Greek di -, two, and etos, year, alluding to biennial duration of the plants first named by Nuttall +|
|Illustrator||Bee F. Gunn +|
|Synonym||Aster Hesperastrum +, Machaeranthera Dieteria + and Machaeranthera Variabiles +|
|Taxon name||Dieteria +|
|Taxon parent||Asteraceae tribe Astereae +|
|Taxon rank||genus +|
|Volume||Volume 20 +|