Laënnecia

Cassini in F. Cuvier

in F. Cuvier, Dict. Sci. Nat. ed.2, 25: 91. 1822

Etymology: For René-Théophile-Hyacinthe Laënnec, 1781–1826, French physician, inventor of the stethoscope
Found in FNA Volume 20. Treatment on page 36. Mentioned on page 8, 9, 12, 349.
Annuals or perennials, 10–120(–350+) cm (usually taprooted, sometimes with ± woody caudices). Stems usually erect, simple or branched from bases or throughout. Leaves basal and cauline (mostly cauline at flowering); alternate; sessile or petiolate; blades (usually 1-nerved) elliptic, linear, oblanceolate, oblong, obovate, ovate, spatulate, sometimes 1–2-pinnately lobed, ultimate margins toothed or entire, faces glabrate, hirtellous, tomentose, or villous, usually stipitate- and/or sessile-glandular as well. Heads obscurely radiate or disciform, borne in ± corymbiform, paniculiform, or racemiform arrays. Involucres ± turbinate, 2–7[–10] mm diam. Phyllaries 20–40+ in 2–4 series, appressed (usually reflexed in fruit), 1-nerved (nerves not orange or brown), lanceolate to linear, ± unequal to subequal, ± herbaceous medially, margins ± membranous, glabrate, hirtellous, tomentose, or villous, usually stipitate- and/or sessile-glandular as well. Receptacles ± flat, pitted or smooth, epaleate. Peripheral (“ray”) florets 20–100(–200), pistillate, fertile; corollas yellowish (usually distally truncate or 2–5-toothed, sometimes with laminae 0.5–1+ mm). Disc florets 2–20[–30+], bisexual, fertile; corollas yellowish, narrowly funnelform, tubes shorter than throats, lobes 5, erect or spreading, deltate (lengths 2–2.5+ times widths); style-branch appendages deltate. Cypselae oblong to elliptic or obovate, compressed, margins thickened, riblike, faces glabrous, ± strigillose (hairs 0.05–0.1 mm), or densely sericeous (hairs 0.3–0.5 mm), often also stipitate- and/or sessile-glandular; pappi persistent, ± fragile, or readily falling, of 9–30+, white to tawny, ± equal, barbellulate, apically attenuate bristles in 1 series, or 30–40+ bristles in 2 series (outer usually shorter). x = 9.

Distribution

Mostly subtropical, tropical, and warm-temperate New World.

Discussion

Species ca. 18 (6 in the flora).

G. L. Nesom (1990) argued for segregating some species from Conyza as members of Laënnecia. Although there are exceptions to each of the trends noted by Nesom, the rationale he presented is compelling. R. D. Noyes and L. H. Rieseberg (1999) demonstrated molecular differences that are consistent with treating laënnecias and conyzas in separate genera; at the same time, they showed Conyza to be “nested” within Erigeron.

Key

1 Leaf blades densely to loosely tomentose (at least abaxially, sometimes glandular beneath the tomentum); pappi of 30–40+ bristles in 2 series > 2
1 Leaf blades usually hirtellous to villous and usually glandular, sometimes glabrate (usually sparsely and finely tomentose and with coarse, erect, multicellular hairs and stipitate- or sessile-glandular in L. schiedeana); pappi of 9–30 bristles in 1 series > 3
2 Pistillate corollas: laminae 0.5–1 mm; cypselae pale tan to brownish, 2–3 mm Laënnecia eriophylla
2 Pistillate corollas: laminae 0; cypselae purplish, 1.3–1.5 mm Laënnecia filaginoides
3 Leaf blades mostly 1–2-pinnately lobed (lobes ovate to ± linear); pappi 2–3 mm > 4
3 Leaf blades coarsely toothed or entire; pappi 3.5–4 mm > 5
4 Bases of leaves obscurely, if at all, clasping; heads in racemiform or paniculiformarrays Laënnecia sophiifolia
4 Bases of all or at least distal leaves clasping; heads in ± corymbiform arrays Laënnecia turnerorum
5 Leaf blades entire or distally toothed, faces usually sparsely and finely tomentose and with coarse, erect, multicellular hairs and stipitate- or sessile-glandular;pistillate corolla laminae 0.5–1+ mm Laënnecia schiedeana
5 Leaf blades coarsely toothed from near their bases or entire, faces usually both hirtellous tovillous and ± glandular-viscid, not tomentose; pistillate corollalaminae 0 Laënnecia coulteri
Facts about "Laënnecia"
AuthorJohn L. Strother +
EtymologyFor René-Théophile-Hyacinthe Laënnec, 1781–1826, French physician, inventor of the stethoscope +
IllustratorYevonn Wilson-Ramsey +
Referencenesom1990d +
Taxon nameLaënnecia +
Taxon parentAsteraceae tribe Astereae +
Taxon rankgenus +
VolumeVolume 20 +