Nearly worldwide, primarily tropical and subtropical regions.
Genera ca. 30, species ca. 260 (2 genera, 2 species in the flora).
Meteoriaceae is a large and diverse family characteristically found on twigs and bark in warm, humid regions of the world. Many of the taxa grow as tangled festoons of delicate branches dangling from the substrate. The twig habitat, creeping stems with pendent branches, elongate, mostly papillose laminal cells, and pointed leaves, often with 1-seriate filiform apices, are characteristic traits of Meteoriaceae. The taxonomy and phylogenetic relationships of this complex group of mosses are difficult to interpret. See W. R. Buck (1994) for proposals on generic concepts in Meteoriaceae.