Introduced; sw Asia, sw, ne Africa, Indian Ocean Islands (Madagascar), introduced also pantropically.
Genus 1, species 13 (1 in the flora).
Moringaceae are closely related to Caricaceae, with which they share glandular appendages at the apex of the petiole.
The bark of Moringaceae is conspicuous with bundles of phloem, schizogenous gum ducts are present in the pith and also on trauma in the bark, and exudes a straw- or pinkish-colored gum. The wood is white or yellowish and the plants are fibrous to mostly parenchymatous.
Olson, M. E. 2002. Intergeneric relationships within the Caricaceae-Moringaceae clade (Brassicales), and potential morphological synapomorphies of the clade and its families. Int. J. Pl. Sci. 163: 51–65.