North America, Mexico, West Indies, Central America, South America, Asia, Africa, Atlantic Islands, Indian Ocean Islands, Pacific Islands, Australia.
Genera 53, species ca. 1100 (5 genera, 16 species in the flora).
The monophyly of the Sapotaceae (including Sarcosperma) is supported by molecular phylogenetic studies (A. A. Anderberg and U. Swenson 2003; Swenson and Anderberg 2005). Three subfamilies were proposed by Swenson and Anderberg in contrast to the five tribes recognized by T. D. Pennington (1991, 2004, 2004b) and R. Govaerts et al. (2001). The Sapotaceae are characterized by the presence of latex, malpighian hairs, fasciculate inflorescences, and antipetalous stamens. The family is widespread throughout the tropics and has economically important species. Manilkara zapota provides chicle for chewing gum, and some species provide edible fruits, e.g., Chrysophyllum cainito (star-apple), Pouteria mammosa (mamey), and P. campechiana (canistel or egg-fruit). Mature fruits of our species of Sideroxylon are edible, and have not been exploited economically. Chrysophyllum oliviforme and Mimusops elengi are handsome trees and often planted as ornamentals.
|1||Sepals 6 or 8 in 2 whorls, outer valvate||> 2|
|1||Sepals 4-6 in 1 whorl, imbricate||> 3|
|2||Sepals 8 in 2 whorls of 4; hilum circular.||Mimusops|
|2||Sepals 6 in 2 whorls of 3; hilum linear.||Manilkara|
|3||Corolla lobes divided; stems not armed or armed with thorns; seeds 4-12 mm.||Sideroxylon|
|3||Corolla lobes undivided; stems unarmed; seeds 13-40 mm||> 4|
|4||Petioles 5-10 mm; leaves densely hairy abaxially; staminodes absent.||Chrysophyllum|
|4||Petioles 10-51 mm; leaves glabrous or glabrate abaxially; staminodes petaloid||> 5|
|5||Pedicels glabrous; sepals 1.5-2 mm; berries yellow to orange.||Sideroxylon|
|5||Pedicels densely hairy; sepals 4.5-11 mm; berries brown||Pouteria|
|Author||Wayne J. Elisens +, R. David Whetstone + and Richard P. Wunderlin +|
|Common name||Sapodilla Family +|
|Illustrator||Yevonn Wilson-Ramsey +|
|Reference||anderberg2003a +, cronquist1945a +, pennington1990a +, pennington1991a +, pennington2004a +, swenson2005a + and wood1960b +|
|Taxon name||Sapotaceae +|
|Taxon rank||family +|
|Volume||Volume 8 +|