Vanilla phaeantha

Reichenbach f.

Flora48: 274. 1865

Common names: Leafy vanilla oblong-leaved vanilla
Found in FNA Volume 26. Treatment on page 509. Mentioned on page 507, 508.
Roots usually 1 per node, aerial portions 1–2 mm diam. Stems occasionally branched, leafy, thick, 8–12 mm diam., smooth. Leaves persistent; blade oblong-elliptic, flat, equal to or shorter than internodes, to 15 × 2.5–5 cm, fleshy-leathery, tapering to acute apex. Inflorescences axillary, 12-flowered racemes, short-pedunculate, ± to 8 cm excluding peduncle; floral bracts foliaceous, ovate, cucullate, to 2.5 × 1.5 cm, fleshy. Flowers: sepals and petals spreading, green, fleshy, rigid; sepals narrowly oblanceolate, 7–9 × 1.3–2 cm, margins straight, apex obtuse to acute, spreading; petals obliquely narrowly oblanceolate, abaxially keeled, thinner than sepals, 6.5–8 ×1–1.5 cm, apex acute to subacuminate; lip adnate to column for 3 cm, white becoming yellow-cream toward apex, lamina gulletlike, cuneate, obovate, clawed, obscurely 3-lobed distally, to 7.5–9 × 3.5–4 cm when spread, lateral lobes arching over column, margins involute, apex rounded, middle lobe broadly subquadrangular, margins undulate, apex retuse; disc with multiple longitudinal ribs, central tuft of retrorse scales, thickened broad rib extending from tuft to apex; column curved distal to middle, white, slender, 6.5 cm, adaxially bearded; pollinia yellow; pedicellate ovary 4–8 cm. Berries cylindric, 8–10 × 1 cm.

Phenology: Flowering Apr–Jul.
Habitat: Cypress swamps, hammocks
Elevation: 0–20 m

Distribution

Fla., West Indies (Trinidad).

Discussion

Vanilla phaeantha is known in the flora area only from Collier County, Florida (P. M. Brown 2002).

References

None.

Facts about "Vanilla phaeantha"
AuthorJames D. Ackerman +
Common nameLeafy vanilla + and oblong-leaved vanilla +
Elevation0–20 m +
HabitatCypress swamps, hammocks +
IllustratorBarbara Alongi +
PhenologyFlowering Apr–Jul. +
ReferenceNone +
Taxon nameVanilla phaeantha +
Taxon parentVanilla +
Taxon rankspecies +
VolumeVolume 26 +