Bot. Repos.8: plate 538. 1808
Phenology: Flowering Apr.
Habitat: Cypress swamps, hammocks
Elevation: 0–20 m
The long, slender black fruits of Vanilla planifolia are the vanilla “beans” of commerce.
The natural distribution of Vanilla planifolia is most likely tropical evergreen forests of eastern Mexico and the Caribbean watersheds of Guatemala, Belize, and Honduras (M. Soto Arenas, pers. comm.). It has been cultivated and escaped or persisted in many areas of the tropics, including south Florida. It is known in the flora area from Long Pine Key, Everglades National Park, Miami, Miami-Dade County, Florida (P. M. Brown 2002).
Pollinators are euglossine bees (J. D. Ackerman 1983), which do not occur in Florida. Natural pollination has been recorded in Florida, although very rarely (C. A. Luer 1972).
|Author||James D. Ackerman +|
|Common name||Vanilla +, commercial vanilla + and vanilla vine +|
|Elevation||0–20 m +|
|Habitat||Cypress swamps, hammocks +|
|Illustrator||Barbara Alongi +|
|Phenology||Flowering Apr. +|
|Synonym||Myrobroma fragrans + and Vanilla fragrans +|
|Taxon name||Vanilla planifolia +|
|Taxon parent||Vanilla +|
|Taxon rank||species +|
|Volume||Volume 26 +|