Ges. Naturf. Freunde Berlin Mag. Neusten Entdeck. Gesammten Naturk.1: 140. 1807
sw United States, Mexico.
Species 6 (1 in the flora).
The circumscription of Xanthocephalum was clarified by M. A. Lane (1982, 1983) with the transfer to Gutierrezia of some taxa traditionally included within it. The genus is distinguished from Gutierrezia by its glabrous, pitted receptacles, abruptly ampliate disc corollas, deltate style appendages, glabrous cypselae with coroniform pappi of basally fused scales or essentially lacking, and base chromosome number of x = 6.