Acrostichum

Linnaeus

Sp. Pl.2: 1067. 1753; Gen. Pl. ed. 5, 484, 1754

Common names: Leather fern
Etymology: Greek acros, at the end, tip, and stichos, row, referring to the distal spore-bearing pinnae
Found in FNA Volume 2.
Plants terrestrial in fresh- or saltwater habitats. Stems erect or creeping, branched; scales dark brown, concolored, linear-lanceolate, margins entire. Leaves slightly dimorphic, clustered, 1–5 m. Petiole brown, with a single groove adaxially, glabrous, smooth or with scale scars, with several abaxial vascular bundles and 2 adaxial vascular bundles. Blade lanceolate, pinnate, leathery, abaxially glabrous or hispid, adaxially dull, not striate, glabrous; rachis straight. Pinnae stalked, free from rachis, narrowly oblong to lanceolate, 2–5 cm wide; base cuneate; stalk green; margins plane; fertile leaves bearing sporangia on most pinnae or on only more distal pinnae (fertile pinnae may be slightly smaller than sterile ones). Veins of pinnae conspicuous, strongly anastomosing. False indusia absent. Sporangia spread over abaxial surface, mixed with paraphyses (sori acrostichoid), containing 64 spores. Spores yellow, tetrahedral, minutely tuberculate or roughened, equatorial flange absent. x = 30.

Distribution

Worldwide, warm and tropical regions.

Discussion

Species 3, possibly more (2 in the flora).

Key

1 Fertile leaves with only most distal pinnae fertile; pinnae often distant and not overlapping; costal areoles usually narrow, 3 or more times longer than wide; paraphyses terminating in isodiametric, irregularly lobed cell. Acrostichum aureum
1 Fertile leaves with most pinnae fertile; pinnae distant to closely spaced and ± overlapping; costal areoles usually broad, less than 3 times longer than wide; paraphyses terminating in horizontally extended, smooth or lobed cell. Acrostichum danaeifolium
Facts about "Acrostichum"
AuthorRobert M. Lloyd +
Common nameLeather fern +
EtymologyGreek acros, at the end, tip, and stichos, row, referring to the distal spore-bearing pinnae +
IllustratorJohn Myers +
Referenceadams1979b +, garcia1978a +, lloyd1980a + and small1938a +
Taxon nameAcrostichum +
Taxon parentPteridaceae +
Taxon rankgenus +
VolumeVolume 2 +