Sp. Pl.1: 393. 1753
Gen. Pl. ed.5, 186. 1754 ,
n North America, Europe, Asia.
Species 1 or 2 (1 in the flora).
Linnaeus wrote that Andromeda “is always fixed on some turfy hillock in the midst of the swamps, as Andromeda herself was chained to a rock in the sea, which bathed her feet as the fresh water does the roots of the plant.”
A study of leaf anatomy by K. Lems (1964) showed that Andromeda differs from other members of tribe Andromedeae in many of the 26 characters studied; notably, the petiolar bundle sheaths are typically cresent-shaped and lateral veins arise from the horns of the crescent, phloem occurs only abaxial to the xylem, leaves have pleuroplastic venation with sparse reticulation, and vein endings are very thin with conspicuously large bundle sheath cells. Based on autapomorphies, including the lack of calyx and corolla stomata and strongly multilayered testa, P. F. Stevens et al. (2004) considered Andromeda to be closely related to Zenobia.
The leaves and twigs are used in some parts of Russia for tanning leather. The poison andromedotoxin (also called acetylandromedol or grayanotoxin) was first isolated from Andromeda polifolia and later found to be common in other genera of Ericaceae; it causes low blood pressure, breathing difficulty, vomiting, diarrhea, cramps and, potentially, death. A single ingestion of “mad honey” causes poisonings in Europe and Turkey each year (H. Özhan et al. 2004).
|Author||Dorothy M. Fabijan +|
|Common name||Bog rosemary + and andromède +|
|Etymology||For Greek mythological daughter of Cepheus and Cassiope, married to Perseus +|
|Illustrator||Barbara Alongi +|
|Taxon name||Andromeda +|
|Taxon parent||Ericaceae subfam. Vaccinioideae +|
|Taxon rank||genus +|
|Volume||Volume 8 +|