Widely distributed in the Neotropics (1 species in West Africa).
Bromeliaceae contain three subfamilies: Bromelioideae, Pitcairnioideae, and Tillandsioideae. Generic circumscriptions are problematic, especially in parts of the Bromelioideae and Tillandsioideae.
Pineapple, Ananas comosus (Linnaeus) Merrill, the only agriculturally important member of the family, is in worldwide cultivation in tropical climates. Horticultural interest in bromeliads is widespread among the public; the Bromeliad Society, Inc. caters to that interest.
Genera 56, species 2600+ (4 genera, 19 species, and 2 natural hybrids in the flora).
|1||Leaf margins spinose; flowers functionally unisexual, staminate and pistillate on different plants; seeds narrowly winged to almost wingless, plumose||Hechtia|
|1||Leaf margins entire; flowers bisexual (in flora) or functionally unisexual; seeds not winged, plumose appendages basal or apical.||> 2|
|2||Inflorescences 2-ranked, 1–50(–200)-flowered||Tillandsia|
|2||Inflorescences many-ranked, 5–many-flowered.||> 3|
|3||Floral bracts broad, conspicuous, mostly obscuring rachis, flowers laxly to densely arranged||Guzmania|
|3||Floral bracts small, inconspicuous, not obscuring rachis, flowers laxly arranged||Catopsis|
|Author||Harry E. Luther + and Gregory K. Brown +|
|Common name||Bromeliad or Pineapple Family +|
|Illustrator||Yevonn Wilson-Ramsey +|
|Reference||brown1989b +, brown1989c +, brown1992a +, smith1974a +, smith1977b + and smith1979a +|
|Taxon name||Bromeliaceae +|
|Taxon rank||family +|
|Volume||Volume 22 +|