Meiotrichum

(G. L. Smith) G. L. Smith

Bryologist95: 271. 1992 ,

Etymology: Greek meio-, fewer, and trichos, hair, alluding to calyptra
Basionyms: Polytrichastrum Meiotrichum
Found in FNA Volume 27. Treatment on page 141. Mentioned on page 123, 124.
Plants robust, polytrichoid. Stems simple to freely branched. Leaves with a sheathing base and divergent blade; sheath entire, hyaline margined; limb firm, serrate-toothed to the sheath, broadly lamellate on the adaxial surface; lamellae entire in profile, the marginal cells with the free wall thickened, the cuticle longitudinally striate and pitted. Capsule ventricose, 4–6-angled; hypophysis rugose, with conspicuous stomata; exothecial cells with rounded to slit-like thin spots in the external wall; operculum hemispherical, with a stout, hooked beak; peristome present, leiodont, teeth 64, simple. Calyptra sparsely hairy. Spores papillose.

Distribution

w North America.

Discussion

Species 1.

Meiotrichum was originally placed in Polytrichadelphus (Müller Hal.) Mitten (not present in our area) because of the fastigiate habit and sparsely hairy calyptra. All Polytrichadelphus species have lamellae which are crenulate in profile, the marginal cells smooth and flask-shaped in section, a dorsiventral capsule with two sharp angles, and multiple stomata dispersed over the exothecium, none of which occurs in Meiotrichum.

References

None.

Facts about "Meiotrichum"
AuthorGary L. Smith Merrill +
BasionymPolytrichastrum Meiotrichum +
EtymologyGreek meio-, fewer, and trichos, hair, alluding to calyptra +
IllustratorPatricia M. Eckel +
ReferenceNone +
Taxon nameMeiotrichum +
Taxon parentPolytrichaceae +
Taxon rankgenus +
VolumeVolume 27 +