Alpinia

Roxburgh

Asiatic Researches 11: 350. 1810. 1810

Common names: Ginger-lily
Etymology: for Italian botanist Prosper Alpinus (1553–1617)
Treatment appears in FNA Volume 22. Treatment on page 308. Mentioned on page 309.

Pseudostems well -developed, 1–3 m. Inflorescences projecting from tip of pseudostem, lax, paniculate; bracts of main axis remote [imbricate or not], minute [to 7 cm], scalelike [ovate to lance-oblong or lanceolate]; cincinni stalked, 1–3-flowered; bracteoles large, conspicuous [small or absent], enclosing cincinni. Flowers: calyx subcampanulate, shallowly 3-toothed, split down one side [not split]; corolla tube cylindric, lobes oblanceolate to elliptical; filament linear, plane; anther enclosed in corolla, not spurred, terminal appendage none; lateral staminodes absent or very small and connate with lip, lip ovate, tubular-incurved, notched. Fruits mostly indehiscent, globose. x = 11, 12.

Distribution

Introduced; North America, Mexico, West Indies, Central America, South America, native, Asia, Oceania.

Discussion

Several species of Alpinia are grown as ornamentals in warm climates. Only A. zerumbet is known to spread outside cultivation, but at least three other species, A. calcarata Roscoe, A. nigra (Gaertner) B. L. Burtt, and A. officinarum Hance, may persist for many years in abandoned gardens in coastal Florida. All three of these species may be distinguished from A. zerumbet by having erect inflorescences, among other characters.

Species ca. 230 (1 in the flora).

Selected References

None.

Lower Taxa

... more about "Alpinia"
Alan T. Whittemore +
Roxburgh +
Ginger-lily +
North America +, Mexico +, West Indies +, Central America +, South America +, native +, Asia +  and Oceania. +
for Italian botanist Prosper Alpinus (1553–1617) +
Asiatic Researches +
Alpinia +
Zingiberaceae +