Sp. Pl. 1: 313. 1753
Gen. Pl. ed. 5, 147. 1754
Europe, Asia, Africa, some widely introduced, expected elsewhere.
Species 170–300 (4 in the flora).
Asparagus is a moderately important horticultural genus, with one species commonly grown for its edible young shoots and a number of others grown ornamentally. The genus is treated here in a broad sense (K. Kubitzki and P. J. Rudall 1998; W. S. Judd 2001) and encompasses species that have been segregated in several genera (A. L. Takhtajan 1997; S. T. Malcomber and Sebsebe D. 1993). Embryological features (P. J. Rudall et al. 1998) and DNA-based analyses (M. W. Chase et al. 1996; M. F. Fay et al. 2000; P. J. Rudall et al. 1997) support the monophyly of Asparagus and the Asparagaceae.
Asparagus virgatus Baker has been collected once as a garden escape in East Baton Rouge Parish, Louisiana, but it is probably not truly naturalized in the flora. Asparagus falcatus Linnaeus occasionally persists after cultivation in the Miami–Dade County area of southern Florida (W. S. Judd 2001).
|1||Plants erect; some flowers unisexual.||Asparagus officinalis|
|1||Plants scrambling, twining, or arching; all flowers bisexual.||> 2|
|2||Cladophylls solitary at each node, broadly lanceolate to ovate, with 20–24 veins.||Asparagus asparagoides|
|2||Cladophylls in fascicles of 3–20 per node, linear or filiform, with single vein.||> 3|
|3||Cladophylls filiform; pedicels 1–3 mm; inflorescences 1–4-flowered terminal umbels; berries purplish black.||Asparagus setaceus|
|3||Cladophylls flattened; pedicels 5–8 mm; inflorescences 5–9(–17)-flowered axillary racemes; berries red.||Asparagus aethiopicus|
|Author||Gerald B. Straley† + and Frederick H. Utech +|
|Common name||Asparagus-fern +, asperge + and espárrago +|
|Distribution||Europe +, Asia +, Africa +, some widely introduced + and expected elsewhere. +|
|Etymology||Greek asparasso, to rip, alluding to the spiny leaves of some species +|
|Illustration copyright||Flora of North America Association +|
|Illustrator||Yevonn Wilson-Ramsey +|
|Publication title||Sp. Pl. + and Gen. Pl. ed. +|
|Publication year||1753 + and 1754 +|
|Reference||jessop1966a +, malcomber1993a + and sovetts1986a +|
|Source xml||https://firstname.lastname@example.org/aafc-mbb/fna-data-curation.git/src/f50eec43f223ca0e34566be0b046453a0960e173/coarse grained fna xml/V26/V26 367.xml +|
|Taxon family||Liliaceae +|
|Taxon name||Asparagus +|
|Taxon parent||Liliaceae +|
|Taxon rank||genus +|
|Volume||Volume 26 +|