Sp. Musc. Frond. Suppl. 2(1,2): 131, plate 135. 1824
Nearly worldwide, tropical and subtropical regions, primarily paleotropical.
Species ca. 30 (2 in the flora).
Typical Brachymenium consists of subtropical-tropical epiphytes with gametophytes similar to those of Rosulabryum. Brachymenium andersonii has been reassigned to Rosulabryum, while B. exile (Dozy & Molkenboer) Bosch & Sande Lac. is now placed in Gemmabryum near the G. bicolor complex. Brachymenium niveum and B. systylium have been transferred to the newly erected Leptostomopsis, of which the latter is the type. The remaining North American species, B. macrocarpum and B. mexicanum, are probably not closely related to the type section of Brachymenium. H. Ochi (1980) placed B. macrocarpum in sect. Peromnium (Mitten) Brotherus, along with B. jamesonii Taylor and B. regenellii Hampe. This group is similar to some species of Gemmabryum, especially the paleotropical G. coarctatum (Bosch & Sande Lacoste) J. R. Spence & H. A. Ramsay, but differs in the presence of bulbils and strongly rosulate, twisted leaves. Uncertainty in the phylogenetic relationships of the section has B. macrocarpum tentatively retained in Brachymenium pending further study. Brachymenium mexicanum seems to be related to B. macrocarpum, although it also shows similarities to species of the type section. The genus description above is largely based on Brachymenium sect. Peromnium.
|Author||John R. Spence +|
|Distribution||Nearly worldwide +, tropical and subtropical regions + and primarily paleotropical. +|
|Etymology||Greek brachys, short, and hy menion, little membrane, alluding to poorly developed endostome +|
|Illustration copyright||Flora of North America Association +|
|Illustrator||Patricia M. Eckel +|
|Publication title||Sp. Musc. Frond. Suppl. +|
|Publication year||1824 +|
|Source xml||https://firstname.lastname@example.org/aafc-mbb/fna-data-curation.git/src/f50eec43f223ca0e34566be0b046453a0960e173/coarse grained fna xml/V28/V28 188.xml +|
|Taxon family||Bryaceae +|
|Taxon name||Brachymenium +|
|Taxon parent||Bryaceae +|
|Taxon rank||genus +|
|Volume||Volume 28 +|