Brassia

R. Brown

in W. Aiton and W. T. Aiton, Hortus Kew. 5: 215. 1813

Common names: Spider orchid
Etymology: for William Brass, an eighteenth-century British botanical illustrator and collector
Treatment appears in FNA Volume 26. Treatment on page 645. Mentioned on page 496.
Herbs, epiphytic, ± cespitose. Stems either reduced and covered with sheathing bracts or elongate with prominent, single-noded pseudobulb. Leaves 1(–2) per sympodium, from apex of pseudobulb, often with 1–3 short foliaceous bracts subtending single-noded pseudobulb; blade conduplicate, oblong-lanceolate, dorsiventrally flattened, margins entire. Inflorescences lateral, racemes; bracts narrowly triangular. Flowers: sepals and petals distinct and free, long, attenuate-caudate; lip unlobed; callus prominent, 2-lamellate; column without appendages, footless; stigmatic cavity ± round; rostellum not prominent. Fruits capsules.

Distribution

Subtropics and tropics, Western Hemisphere.

Discussion

Species 35 (1 in the flora).

Lower Taxa

Facts about "Brassia"
AuthorMark W. Chase +
AuthorityR. Brown +
Common nameSpider orchid +
DistributionSubtropics and tropics + and Western Hemisphere. +
Etymologyfor William Brass, an eighteenth-century British botanical illustrator and collector +
Illustration copyrightFlora of North America Association +
IllustratorBarbara Alongi +
Publication titlein W. Aiton and W. T. Aiton, Hortus Kew. +
Publication year1813 +
Referencekooser1979a + and williams1972a +
Source xmlhttps://jpend@bitbucket.org/aafc-mbb/fna-data-curation.git/src/f50eec43f223ca0e34566be0b046453a0960e173/coarse grained fna xml/V26/V26 1327.xml +
Taxon familyOrchidaceae +
Taxon nameBrassia +
Taxon parentOrchidaceae (tribe Maxillarieae) subtribe Oncidiinae +
Taxon rankgenus +
VolumeVolume 26 +