Banks ex Gaertner

Fruct. Sem. Pl. 1: 213, plate 45, fig. 2. 1788

Common names: American buckwheat-vine ladies’-eardrops eardrop vine anserine liana
Etymology: for Morten Thrane Brunnich, 1737–1827, eighteenth-century Danish naturalist
Treatment appears in FNA Volume 5. Treatment on page 482. Mentioned on page 216, 479, 480, 483.
Vines, perennial; roots thin, fibrous. Stems scandent, tendril-bearing, glabrous or pubescent; tendrils terminating branches, simple to branched. Leaves cauline, alternate, petiolate; ocrea persistent, chartaceous; blade ovate to ovate-lanceolate, margins entire. Inflorescences terminal and axillary, paniclelike, usually pedunculate. Pedicels 3-winged, 1 wing more prominent and becoming greatly expanded in fruit, glabrous. Flowers bisexual, (1–)3–5 per ocreate fascicle, base stipelike; perianth accrescent, greenish to greenish yellow, campanulate, indurate, glabrous; tepals 5, connate proximally, petaloid, slightly dimorphic, subequal; stamens 8; filaments distinct, adnate proximally to perianth tube, glabrous; anthers pink to red, oval; styles 3, erect or spreading, distinct; stigmas 3, depressed-capitate. Achenes included in indurate perianth, tan to brown, unwinged, obscurely 3-gonous proximally, 3-gonous distally, glabrous. Seeds: embryo straight. x = 24.


se United States, w Africa.


Species 4 (1 in the flora).

The African species of Brunnichia sometimes are segregated in the genus Afrobrunnichia Hutchinson & Dalziel.

Selected References


Lower Taxa

Facts about "Brunnichia"
AuthorWalter C. Holmes +
AuthorityBanks ex Gaertner +
Common nameAmerican buckwheat-vine +, ladies’-eardrops +, eardrop vine + and anserine liana +
Distributionse United States + and w Africa. +
Etymologyfor Morten Thrane Brunnich, 1737–1827, eighteenth-century Danish naturalist +
Illustration copyrightFlora of North America Association +
IllustratorYevonn Wilson-Ramsey +
Publication titleFruct. Sem. Pl. +
Publication year1788 +
ReferenceNone +
Source xml grained fna xml/V5/V5 1006.xml +
Taxon familyPolygonaceae +
Taxon nameBrunnichia +
Taxon parentPolygonaceae subfam. Polygonoideae +
Taxon rankgenus +
VolumeVolume 5 +