Parad. Lond., plate3. 1805 ,
Indian Ocean Islands (Madagascar), 1 widespread in the tropics.
Kalanchoë Adanson sect. Bryophyllum (Salisbury) Boiteau & Mannoni
Species ca. 30 (5 in the flora).
Because of some intermediates, Bryophyllum is often included in Kalanchoë, as by P. Boiteau and L. Allorge-Boiteau (1995). M. Lauzac-Marchal (1974) argued for separation; the case is not clear.
Some species of Bryophyllum are widely naturalized in Australia, southern Africa, and elsewhere. The five species and one hybrid that infest over 10,000 hectares in Queensland are highly toxic to livestock, particularly cattle, with bufadienolides that cause cardiac glycoside poisoning (P. I. Forster 1996; R. A. McKenzie and P. J. Dunster 1986; McKenzie et al. 1987). The widespread B. pinnatum is commonly used to treat rheumatism, ulcers, burns, infections, and inflammations, as well as for old-fashioned magic, and has been the subject of many biological and phytochemical studies Some other species have similar uses and have also been studied (S. S. Costa et al. 1995).
|1||Leaves mostly pinnate (or the 1st simple), blade elliptic-oblong, margins crenate-serrate; calyx 25-50 mm, inflated.||Bryophyllum pinnatum|
|1||Leaves all simple, blade triangular to obovate, lanceolate, or subcylindric, margins crenate, sinuate, serrate, or entire; calyx 6-25 mm, inflated or not||> 2|
|2||Corollas to 2 times length of calyx, contracted basally; calyx lobes shorter than tube; bulbils borne in notches of leaf margins; herbage not mottled||> 3|
|2||Corollas 3-4 times length of calyx, not contracted basally; calyx lobes equaling or longer than tube; bulbils borne on spoon-shaped spur in notch of leaf margins; herbage mottled||> 4|
|3||Leaves evenly spaced, petiole terete, blade obovate, 2-10 cm, lavender-gray; calyx 10-18 mm; corolla 18-25 mm; plants polycarpic.||Bryophyllum fedtschenkoi|
|3||Leaves crowded near base, subrosulate, petiole indefinite, broad, blade lanceolate, 15-50 cm, green or gray-green, sometimes with maroon or dark green blotches; calyx 18-25 mm; corolla 40-50 mm; plants monocarpic.||Bryophyllum gastonis-bonnieri|
|4||Leaves petiolate, opposite, blade triangular to lanceolate, margins serrate and bulbiferous.||Bryophyllum daigremontianum|
|4||Leaves with blades and petioles indistinguishable, mostly in 3s, blade and petiole subcylindric, margins entire except for 3-9 teeth at apex, bulbiferous at apex.||Bryophyllum delagoense|
|Author||Reid V. Moran +|
|Distribution||Indian Ocean Islands (Madagascar) + and 1 widespread in the tropics. +|
|Etymology||Greek bryo, swell, and phyllon, leaf +|
|Illustration copyright||Flora of North America Association +|
|Illustrator||Yevonn Wilson-Ramsey +|
|Publication title||Parad. Lond., plate +|
|Source xml||https://firstname.lastname@example.org/aafc-mbb/fna-data-curation.git/src/f50eec43f223ca0e34566be0b046453a0960e173/coarse grained fna xml/V8/V8 319.xml +|
|Taxon family||Crassulaceae +|
|Taxon name||Bryophyllum +|
|Taxon parent||Crassulaceae +|
|Taxon rank||genus +|
|Volume||Volume 8 +|