Sp. Pl. 1: 513. 1753


Gen. Pl. ed. 5, 229. 1754

Common names: Alexandrian laurel
Etymology: Greek kalos, beautiful, and phyllon, leaf
Treatment appears in FNA Volume 6. Treatment on page 64. Mentioned on page 65.
Trees [shrubs], hairy at least on buds, with stilt or loop roots. Stems ± flattened and angled when young. Leaves: petiole concave, without adaxial protuberance; blade coriaceous, venation close, apparently unbranched, parallel, uniting to form marginal or submarginal vein and alternating with and usually more prominent than latex canals, without tertiary venation visible between lateral veins. Inflorescences racemiform; peduncle and rachis usually present; bracts usually deciduous, small. Flowers bisexual; sepals deciduous, 4, distinct, in decussate pairs, outer 1–2 pairs rarely much different from rest; stamens obscurely 4-fascicled; style slender, ca. 4 times as long as ovary. Fruits drupaceous; pericarp firm or fleshy, smooth when fresh. Seeds 1. x = 16.


Fla., Mexico, West Indies, Central America, South America, Asia, Africa, Indian Ocean Islands (Madagascar), Pacific Islands.


Calophyllum includes about ten species in the American tropics, the rest in Asia, Africa, Madagascar, and the Pacific.

Species ca. 190 (1 in the flora).

Facts about "Calophyllum"
AuthorNorman K. B. Robson +
AuthorityLinnaeus +
Common nameAlexandrian laurel +
DistributionFla. +, Mexico +, West Indies +, Central America +, South America +, Asia +, Africa +, Indian Ocean Islands (Madagascar) + and Pacific Islands. +
EtymologyGreek kalos, beautiful, and phyllon, leaf +
Illustration copyrightFlora of North America Association +
IllustratorYevonn Wilson-Ramsey +
Introducedtrue +
Publication titleSp. Pl. + and Gen. Pl. ed. +
Publication year1753 + and 1754 +
Referencestevens1980a +
Source xml grained fna xml/V6/V6 103.xml +
Special statusIntroduced +
Taxon familyCalophyllaceae +
Taxon nameCalophyllum +
Taxon parentCalophyllaceae +
Taxon rankgenus +
VolumeVolume 6 +