Carex atlantica

L. H. Bailey
Bull. Torrey Bot. Club 20: 425. 1893.
IllustratedEndemic
Basionym: Carex stellulata var. conferta Chapman Fl. South. U.S., 534. 1860,
Treatment appears in FNA Volume 23. Treatment on page 329. Mentioned on page 326, 327, 328, 330.

Culms 10–110 cm. Leaves 3–5 per culm; sheaths tight, inner band hyaline, 3.5–24 cm, apex concave, glabrous; ligules rounded to obtuse, 0.5–3.7 mm; blades plicate, 8–60 cm × 0.4–4(–4.5) mm, widest leaf 0.8–4(–4.5) mm wide. Inflorescences 0.8–5.5 cm; spikes 2–8; lateral spikes pistillate often with a few staminate flowers proximally, 3.1–13.1 mm, sessile, staminate portion 10-flowered, to 6.5 mm, pistillate portion 3–40-flowered, 2.5–12 mm; basal 2 spikes 1.5–18 mm apart; terminal spike gynecandrous, 4.8–23.7 mm, staminate portion 2–21-flowered, 1.8–13.5 × 0.8–1.3 mm, pistillate portion 4–38-flowered, 3–11 × 4.4–7.5 mm. Pistillate scales ovate to ± suborbicular, 1.2–2.4 × 1.2–2 mm, apex obtuse to acute. Staminate scales ovate-lanceolate to ovate, 1.3–3.5 × 0.8–1.4 mm, base clavate, apex acute to obtuse. Anthers 0.6–1.5(–1.8) mm. Perigynia spreading to reflexed, green, 6–13-veined abaxially, (0–)1–12-veined adaxially over achene, broadly ovate to suborbicular, cuneate or concavely tapered from widest point to beak, 1.9–3.8 × (1.3–)2.1–3 mm, 1.1–1.7(–1.9) times as long as wide; beak 0.45–1.25 mm, 0.23–0.5(–0.63) length of body, serrulate, teeth 0.15–0.45 mm. Achenes deltate to rhombic-orbiculate, 1–1.9 × 1–1.7 mm.

Distribution

V23 585-distribution-map.jpg

N.S., Ont., Que., Ala., Ark., Conn., D.C., Del., Fla., Ga., Ill., Ind., Ky., La., Maine, Mass., Md., Mich., Miss., Mo., N.C., N.H., N.J., N.Y., Ohio, Pa., R.I., S.C., Tenn., Tex., Va., Vt., W.Va.

Discussion

Subspecies 2 (2 in the flora).

Selected References

None.

Key

1 Widest leaves 1.6–4(–4.5) mm wide; inflorescences usually (1.5–)1.8–5.5 cm; perigynia 2.3–3.8 mm. Carex atlantica subsp. atlantica
1 Widest leaves (0.65–)0.8–1.6 wide; inflorescences usually 0.8–2 cm; perigynia 1.9–3 mm. Carex atlantica subsp. capillacea
... more about "Carex atlantica"
A. A. Reznicek +
L. H. Bailey +
Carex stellulata var. conferta +
N.S. +, Ont. +, Que. +, Ala. +, Ark. +, Conn. +, D.C. +, Del. +, Fla. +, Ga. +, Ill. +, Ind. +, Ky. +, La. +, Maine +, Mass. +, Md. +, Mich. +, Miss. +, Mo. +, N.C. +, N.H. +, N.J. +, N.Y. +, Ohio +, Pa. +, R.I. +, S.C. +, Tenn. +, Tex. +, Va. +, Vt. +  and W.Va. +
Bull. Torrey Bot. Club +
Illustrated +  and Endemic +
Carex atlantica +
Carex sect. Stellulatae +
species +