Caryophyllaceae subfam. Alsinoideae
in S. L. Endlicher, Gen. Pl. 13: 963. 1840
North-temperate regions, South America (Andean region), Europe (Mediterranean region), w, c Asia (Himalayas, Mediterranean region), Africa (Mediterranean region).
Genera 30, species ca. 1040 (16 genera, 137 species in the flora).
Alsinoideae, often considered basal in the family and the least specialized, is in some ways the most heterogeneous of the subfamilies. Members of its largest tribe (Alsineae) share the following characteristics: stipules absent, sepals free or at most basally connate, and capsular fruits. Indehiscent fruits, relatively short hypanthia, and other floral reductions occur in varying combinations in the approximately 30 species placed in four other tribes. A broad molecular survey of Alsinoideae has revealed two major lineages and lack of support for the existing tribal circumscriptions (M. Nepokroeff et al. 2002). About three-fourths of the species are members of Arenaria, Cerastium, Minuartia, and Stellaria.
Attempts have been made to move Scleranthus (fruit a utricle surrounded by an enlarged hypanthium) from Alsinoideae to either Paronychioideae (J. Hutchinson 1973, as Illecebraceae) or Scleranthaceae (A. Takhtajan 1997). Recent molecular and morphological studies by R. D. Smissen et. al. (2002, 2003) supported its retention in the Alsinoideae.
|Author||Richard K. Rabeler + and Ronald L. Hartman +|
|Authority||Fenzl in S. L. Endlicher +|
|Distribution||North-temperate regions +, South America (Andean region) +, Europe (Mediterranean region) +, w +, c Asia (Himalayas +, Mediterranean region) + and Africa (Mediterranean region). +|
|Illustration copyright||Flora of North America Association +|
|Illustrator||Yevonn Wilson-Ramsey +|
|Publication title||in S. L. Endlicher, Gen. Pl. +|
|Publication year||1840 +|
|Reference||fernald1919a +, maguire1951a +, mcneill1962a +, mcneill1980a + and wofford1981a +|
|Source xml||https://email@example.com/aafc-mbb/fna-data-curation.git/src/f50eec43f223ca0e34566be0b046453a0960e173/coarse grained fna xml/V5/V5 99.xml +|
|Taxon family||Caryophyllaceae +|
|Taxon name||Caryophyllaceae subfam. Alsinoideae +|
|Taxon parent||Corrigiola +|
|Taxon rank||subfamily +|
|Volume||Volume 5 +|