Erythronium umbilicatum

C. R. Parks & Hardin

Brittonia 15: 252. 1963.

Common names: Dimpled trout-lily
Treatment appears in FNA Volume 26. Treatment on page 162. Mentioned on page 154.

Bulbs ovoid, 10–25 mm; stolons absent, or 1 per bulb on 1-leaved plants. Leaves 5–17 cm; blade green, irregularly mottled, elliptic to ovate-lanceolate, ± flat, not glaucous, margins entire. Scape 4–18 cm. Inflorescences 1-flowered. Flowers: tepals strongly reflexed at anthesis, yellow, sometimes with brownish adaxial spots, variously tinged brown-purple abaxially, lanceolate, 13–30 mm, auricles absent; stamens 9–18 mm; filaments yellow, lanceolate; anthers brown, purple, or infrequently yellow; pollen brown, purple, or infrequently yellow; ovary apex indented; style deciduous or forming small apiculum, ± terete, not yellow, 8–24 mm; stigma lobes spreading, 1.2–1.7 mm. Capsules ± resting on ground due to reclining peduncle, obovoid, 10–22 mm, apex indented, umbilicate, or rarely rounded. 2n = 24.


Varieties 2 (2 in the flora).

Selected References



1 Stolons absent; West Virginia to Alabama, Georgia, and n Florida. Erythronium umbilicatum subsp. umbilicatum
1 Stolons present, 1 per bulb; North Carolina, Tennessee. Erythronium umbilicatum subsp. monostolum