Common names: Banana Family
Treatment appears in FNA Volume 22. Treatment on page 302.
Treelike herbs, perennial, from corm [rhizome] [corm]. True aerial stems absent. Leaves basal, in several ranks, differentiated into basal sheath, petiole, and blade; sheaths overlapping, forming unbranched pseudostem, open, ligule absent; summit of petiole not differentiated; blade with lateral veins parallel, diverging from prominent midrib. Inflorescences 1 per aerial shoot, projecting from tip of pseudostem, pedunculate racemes of 12–20-flowered monochasial cymes (cincinni); bracts of main axis enclosing cincinni. Flowers unisexual (proximal flowers pistillate, distal flowers staminate), bilaterally symmetric; sepals and petals differentiated, sepals 3, petals 3, 3 sepals and 2 petals fused, remaining petal distinct; fertile stamens 5(–6), not petal-like; anthers 2-locular; occasionally 1 rudimentary staminode; ovary inferior, 3-carpellate, 3-locular, all locules fertile; placentation axile; ovules many per locule; style terminal, filiform; stigma 3-lobed. Fruits berries; sepals not persistent in fruit. Seeds: aril absent; endosperm copious; perisperm copious; embryo straight. x = 9, 10, 11.
tropical parts of Africa, Asia, Australia, and Oceania, often persisting around gardens and plantations throughout the wet tropics.
Genera 3, species ca. 40 (1 genus, 1 species, and 1 stable hybrid in the flora).
Facts about "Musaceae"
|Author||Alan T. Whittemore +|
|Authority||A. L. Jussieu +|
|Common name||Banana Family +|
|Distribution||tropical parts of Africa +, Asia +, Australia +, and Oceania + and often persisting around gardens and plantations throughout the wet tropics. +|
|Illustration copyright||Flora of North America Association +|
|Illustrator||John Myers +|
|Source xml||https://email@example.com/aafc-mbb/fna-data-curation.git/src/f50eec43f223ca0e34566be0b046453a0960e173/coarse grained fna xml/V22/V22 121.xml +|
|Taxon family||Musaceae +|
|Taxon name||Musaceae +|
|Taxon rank||family +|
|Volume||Volume 22 +|