Flora Boreali-Americana 2: 171. 1838
Temperate waters of the northern Pacific.
Plants of Phyllospadix grow attached to rocks, many of which are exposed at low tide. The ecology and importance of Phyllospadix is not known nearly as well as that of Zostera. In summary Phyllospadix vegetation protects the rocky substrate from erosion, and by accumulating sand in and between the tussocks, transforms the rocky substrate into sandy beaches or sublittoral sand flats. Rejuvenation of the Phyllospadix vegetation, however, is then no longer possible on the sand-covered rocks. The plants eventually die, exposing the sand-covered rocks to wave action, which results in erosion of the sand, again exposing the rocks (C. den Hartog 1970).
Species 5 (3 in the flora).
|1||Leaves serrulate distally; veins 5–7; nodes with 2 roots||Phyllospadix serrulatus|
|1||Leaves entire distally; veins 3; nodes with 2 rows of 3–5 roots.||> 2|
|2||Spathes 1–5; pistillate bract distinctly narrowed at base; leaves 0.5–1.5 mm wide||Phyllospadix torreyi|
|2||Spathes 1(–2); pistillate bract not narrowed at base; leaves 1–4 mm wide||Phyllospadix scouleri|
|Author||Robert R. Haynes +|
|Common name||Surf-grass +|
|Distribution||Temperate waters of the northern Pacific. +|
|Etymology||Greek phyllon, leaf, and spadix, spadix +|
|Illustration copyright||Flora of North America Association +|
|Illustrator||John Myers +|
|Publication title||Flora Boreali-Americana +|
|Publication year||1838 +|
|Reference||phillips1979a + and pottruff1994a +|
|Source xml||https://email@example.com/aafc-mbb/fna-data-curation.git/src/f50eec43f223ca0e34566be0b046453a0960e173/coarse grained fna xml/V22/V22 531.xml +|
|Taxon family||Zosteraceae +|
|Taxon name||Phyllospadix +|
|Taxon parent||Zosteraceae +|
|Taxon rank||genus +|
|Volume||Volume 22 +|