Sp. Pl. 1: 443. 1753
Shrubs or trees, with aerial prop roots and swollen stem nodes. Leaves: stipules sheathing terminal bud, caducous; blade surfaces glabrous. Inflorescences dense, dichotomously branched cymes; bracteoles forming cup just below flower. Flowers: sepals persistent in fruit; filaments absent [much shorter than anthers]; ovary apically partly surrounded by nectary, free part elongating after anthesis. Berries brown, ovoid-conic [ovoid or pyriform], leathery. Seeds: germination viviparous; hypocotyl protruding and elongating before seedling falls from fruit.
Seacoasts nearly throughout tropics and subtropics.
Species 8 or 9 (1 in the flora).