Sp. Pl. 1: 505. 175


Gen. Pl. ed. 5, 223. 1754

Common names: Bloodroot puccoon sanguinaire du Canada sang-dragon
Etymology: Latin sanguis, blood, in reference to color of sap
Treatment appears in FNA Volume 3.
Herbs, perennial, scapose, from thick rhizomes; sap orange to red. Leaves 1, or few and rosulate, sheathing-petiolate; blade 1× palmately lobed. Inflorescences terminal, 1(-3)-flowered; bracts absent. Flowers: sepals 2, distinct; petals 6-12, unequal; stamens many; pistil 2-carpellate; ovary 1-locular; style ± distinct; stigma 2-lobed. Capsules erect, 2-valved, dehiscing from base. Seeds few to many, arillate. x = 9.


North America.


Species 1

Sanguinaria is similar, and probably most closely related, to Eomecon Hance of eastern Asia, which is monotypic also.

Facts about "Sanguinaria"
AuthorityLinnaeus +
Common nameBloodroot +, puccoon +, sanguinaire du Canada + and sang-dragon +
DistributionNorth America. +
EtymologyLatin sanguis, blood, in reference to color of sap +
IllustratorJohn Myers +
Publication titleSp. Pl. + and Gen. Pl. ed. +
Publication year1754 +
Referencegreene1905a +, harshberger1903a + and nieuwland1910a +
Source xml grained fna xml/V3/V3 764.xml +
Taxon familyPapaveraceae +
Taxon nameSanguinaria +
Taxon parentPapaveraceae +
Taxon rankgenus +
VolumeVolume 3 +