Taxithelium

Spruce ex Mitten

J. Linn. Soc., Bot. 12: [20 – ]21, 496. 1869

Etymology: Greek taxis, order, and thele, nipple, alluding to single row of papillae over cell lumina
Treatment appears in FNA Volume 28. Treatment on page 582. Mentioned on page 571, 642.

Plants small, yellow-green, somewhat glossy. Stems 1–10 cm, complanate-foliate, irregularly to regularly pinnate. Leaves spreading to appressed, narrowly to broadly ovate to ovate-lanceolate; margins entire or weakly to sharply toothed; apex short-acuminate; ecostate or costa double; alar cells rounded-rhomboid, enlarged or weakly inflated, pigmented, walls thin, without proximal row of inflated, elongate cells, middle lamella not apparent, supra-alar cells differentiated; laminal cells rhomboid to linear, 1-seriate multipapillose. Sexual condition autoicous. Seta 1.5 cm. Capsule inclined to horizontal, ovoid; exothecial cell walls not or weakly collenchymatous; operculum conic, short- or long-rostrate.

Distribution

Fla., Mexico, West Indies, Central America, South America, Asia, Africa, Australia.

Discussion

Species ca. 40 (1 in the flora).

Taxithelium occurs mainly in forests, generally as corticolous on tree trunks and branches, but also on logs, occasionally on rock and soil.

Lower Taxa

... more about "Taxithelium"
Wilfred B. Schofield† +
Spruce ex Mitten +
Fla. +, Mexico +, West Indies +, Central America +, South America +, Asia +, Africa +  and Australia. +
Greek taxis, order, and thele, nipple, alluding to single row of papillae over cell lumina +
J. Linn. Soc., Bot. +
dumanhuri1996a +
Taxithelium +
Sematophyllaceae +