Achlys triphylla

(Smith) de Candolle

Syst. Nat. 2: 35. 1821

Common names: Deer-foot vanilla-leaf
EndemicSelected by author to be illustrated
Basionyms: Leontice triphylla Smith in A. Rees, Cycl. 20: [5]. 1812
Treatment appears in FNA Volume 3.
Revision as of 19:54, 24 September 2019 by Volume Importer (talk)
Plants, 2-4 dm. Leaves: petiole 1-3 cm. Central leaflet blade 4-11 × 4-8 cm, proximal margins entire, distal margins (1-)3-4(-8)-lobed. Inflorescences 2.5-5 cm excluding peduncle. Flowers: stamens 3-4 mm; ovaries 1-1.5 mm. Follicles red-purple, 3-4.5 mm. 2n = 12.

Phenology: Flowering spring–summer (Apr–Jul).
Habitat: Mountain regions in Cascade Range and Coast Range of California in coniferous forests
Elevation: 0-1500 m


B.C., Calif., Oreg., Wash.


Medicinally, Native Americans used preparations of the leaves of Achlys triphylla to treat tuberculosis, for a hair wash, and as an emetic (D. E. Moermann 1986).

Selected References


Lower Taxa