Acalypha australis

Linnaeus

Sp. Pl.2: 1004. 1753

Common names: Asian copperleaf
Found in FNA Volume 12. Treatment on page 169. Mentioned on page 163, 164.
Herbs, annual, 3–6 dm, monoecious. Stems erect, densely to sparsely pilose. Leaves: petiole 0.5–4 cm; blade ovate to broadly lanceolate, 2–8 × 1.5–4 cm, base cuneate to obtuse, margins serrate, apex acute to short-acuminate. Inflorescences bisexual, axillary; peduncle 0.5–4(–6) cm, pistillate portion 1–2 × 1.5–2.5 cm or pistillate bract solitary, staminate portion 0.5–3 cm; allomorphic pistillate flowers rare, when present replacing staminate part of inflorescence. Pistillate bracts (normal flowers) loosely arranged (inflorescence axis visible between bracts) or solitary, 10–15(–20) × 8–12 mm, abaxial surface sparsely pubescent; lobes 12–15, rounded, 1/20 bract length; of allomorphic flowers absent. Pedicels of allomorphic flowers rudimentary. Pistillate flowers: pistil 3-carpellate (normal flowers), 2-carpellate (allomorphic flowers); styles multifid or laciniate. Capsules muricate, pubescent; allomorphic fruits obovoid, 2 × 1.2 mm, muricate, pubescent. Seeds 1.5–1.8 mm, minutely pitted.

Phenology: Flowering and fruiting late summer–fall.
Habitat: Disturbed areas.
Elevation: 0–20 m.

Distribution

Introduced; N.J., N.Y., Asia (China, Japan, Korea, Taiwan), Pacific Islands (Philippines).

Discussion

Acalypha australis, native to eastern Asia, became established in metropolitan New York City in the 1980s. It was also collected once in 1900 in Oregon (Suksdorf 2892, GH), and apparently has not persisted there.

References

None.

Facts about "Acalypha australis"
AuthorGeoffrey A. Levin +
Common nameAsian copperleaf +
Elevation0–20 m. +
HabitatDisturbed areas. +
PhenologyFlowering and fruiting late summer–fall. +
ReferenceNone +
Taxon nameAcalypha australis +
Taxon parentAcalypha +
Taxon rankspecies +
VolumeVolume 12 +