Amphiachyris

(de Candolle) Nuttall

Trans. Amer. Philos. Soc., n. s.7: 313. 1840

Common names: Broomweed
Etymology: Greek amphi -, around, and achyron, chaff or husks, alluding to ring of pappus elements
Basionyms: Brachyris Amphiachyris
Found in FNA Volume 20. Treatment on page 87. Mentioned on page 9, 88, 89, 95.
Annuals, 20–100(–200) cm (glabrous, with strong terpenoid smell when crushed; taprooted). Stems erect, usually branched distally (bases usually lignescent). Leaves cauline; alternate; sessile; blades (1- or 3-nerved) linear to lanceolate, margins entire, faces gland-dotted. Heads radiate, in paniculiform or corymbiform arrays. Involucres narrowly campanulate to turbinate, 2–4 mm diam. Phyllaries 12–15 in 1–2(–3) series, 1-nerved (nerves without green margins) ovate, unequal, proximal 2/3 indurate, margins hyaline, faces whitish resinous. Receptacles flat to slightly convex, smooth (glabrous or hairy with multicellular, 1-seriate hairs), epaleate. Ray florets 7–12, pistillate, fertile; corollas yellow, sometimes drying orange-tinged. Disc florets 10–21, functionally staminate; corollas yellow, tubes shorter than cylindric throats, lobes 5, erect, deltate; style-branch appendages fused (pappi of 5–8 white, basally connate, linear, spatulate-tipped scales in 1 series, ± equaling corollas). Cypselae (ray, purplish black) obovoid-turbinate, plump, 4–9-ribbed (apices attenuate to slightly clavate), faces densely long- or short-setulose (hairs appressed, white), mostly occurring in lines between ribs; pappi coroniform. x = 4, 5.

Distribution

c United States.

Discussion

Species 2 (2 in the flora).

Amphiachyris was recently treated within a more inclusive Gutierrezia (G. M. Diggs et al. 1999); apparently, it is more closely related to monotypic Thurovia than to Gutierrezia (Y. Suh and B. B. Simpson 1990). Amphiachyris is distinguished from Gutierrezia by a combination of glandular hairs only on the abaxial leaf faces, functionally staminate disc florets, disc pappi of basally connate, narrowly spatulate scales ± equaling corollas, and abaxial nerves of the phyllaries without green borders.

Key

1 Plants 20–40(–60) cm; heads in open paniculiform arrays; cypselae 4–6-ribbed, long-setulose; leaf blades 0.2–1(–2) mm wide; receptacles with hooked, swollen-based hairs Amphiachyris amoena
1 Plants 30–100(–200) cm; heads in crowded corymbiform arrays; cypselae 7–9-ribbed, short-setulose; leaf blades 0.5–6 mm wide; receptacles glabrous Amphiachyris dracunculoides
Facts about "Amphiachyris"
AuthorGuy L. Nesom +
BasionymBrachyris Amphiachyris +
Common nameBroomweed +
EtymologyGreek amphi -, around, and achyron, chaff or husks, alluding to ring of pappus elements +
IllustratorBarbara Alongi +
Referencelane1979a +
Taxon nameAmphiachyris +
Taxon parentAsteraceae tribe Astereae +
Taxon rankgenus +
VolumeVolume 20 +