Amphipappus

Torrey & A. Gray

Boston J. Nat. Hist.5: 107. 1845

Etymology: Greek amphi- , double or two, and pappos, pappus alluding to dimorphic pappi, ray cypselae and disc cypselae
Found in FNA Volume 20. Treatment on page 186. Mentioned on page 5.
Shrubs, 30–60 cm (rounded). Stems erect (bark whitish), intricately branched, becoming leafless and spinescent, branchlets glabrous or densely, hirtellous. Leaves cauline; alternate (ascending); petiolate to subsessile; blades 1-nerved, obovate to narrowly elliptic, margins entire, faces glabrous or hirtellous, often resinous. Heads radiate (discoid), (2–4) in glomerate, terminal clusters, these in corymbiform arrays. Involucres turbino-cylindric, 4–5.5 × 2–3 mm. Phyllaries 7–12 in 3 series, greenish white, 1-nerved (outer keeled), ovate to elliptic, unequal, thin-indurate, margins not scarious, faces glabrous. Receptacles flat, pitted, epaleate. Ray florets (0–)1–2, pistillate, fertile; corollas yellow (laminae slightly longer than involucres). Disc florets 3–7, functionally staminate; corollas yellow, tubes longer than narrowly funnelform throats (nerves 1, yellow, not resinous), lobes 5, reflexed or coiling back, lanceolate; style-branch appendages triangular (nonfunctional, lacking stigmatic lines). Cypselae (ray) oblong-elliptic to obovoid, ± flattened, 2-nerved, faces moderately villous; pappi persistent, of 15–20, stramineous, basally connate, flattened, slender, barbellate, apically attenuate bristles in 1 series (disc bristles longer than ray, sometimes undulate or twisted). x = 9.

Distribution

sw United States.

Discussion

Species 1.

Amphipappus is characterized by its low-shrubby, intricately branched habit and corymbiform, glomerate clusters of small, few-flowered heads, functionally staminate disc florets, and pappi of short, barbellate bristles, the fertile ray cypselae with pappi of shorter, flattened bristles. The genus is restricted to the Mojave Desert of California, Nevada, Utah, and Arizona where these states are contiguous.

Facts about "Amphipappus"
AuthorGuy L. Nesom +
EtymologyGreek amphi- , double or two, and pappos, pappus alluding to dimorphic pappi, ray cypselae and disc cypselae +
IllustratorBarbara Alongi +
Referenceporter1943a +
Taxon nameAmphipappus +
Taxon parentAsteraceae tribe Astereae +
Taxon rankgenus +
VolumeVolume 20 +