Sp. Pl.2: 1033. 1753
Phenology: Flowering late summer; fruiting into late fall.
Habitat: Near ponds, marshes, drainage canals, waste areas
Elevation: 0 m
Dioscorea alata is the most extensively cultivated of the edible yams. There are hundreds of cultivars worldwide (L. Degras 1993; D. G. Coursey 1967), varying in the color and consistency of the flesh. The bulbils may also be eaten, but the large tubers are favored. Typically the plants are propagated vegetatively. The species is not known to exist in the wild, and its putative origin is from Southeast Asia. It has escaped from cultivation in the southeastern United States, recorded here from Florida and Georgia, although it is likely to be found elsewhere in the Gulf states. The plants seldom flower in the flora area; I observed no staminate flowers at all, and very few pistillate ones. Although the fruits do set seed, the seeds are frequently unviable.
|Author||Lauren Raz +|
|Common name||White yam +, greater yam + and water yam +|
|Elevation||0 m +|
|Habitat||Near ponds, marshes, drainage canals, waste areas +|
|Illustrator||John Myers +|
|Phenology||Flowering late summer + and fruiting into late fall. +|
|Taxon name||Dioscorea alata +|
|Taxon parent||Dioscorea +|
|Taxon rank||species +|
|Volume||Volume 26 +|