North America, n Mexico, Europe, sw, c Asia, n, s Africa, Atlantic Islands, temperate and subtropical regions, introduced in c Mexico, South America, Australia.
Genera 6, species ca. 85 (2 genera, 5 species in the flora).
Placement of Resedaceae in the Capparales or Brassicales is well settled, based on morphological, anatomical, and molecular criteria, and the shared presence of glucosinolates (mustard oil glucosides). The family has been traditionally considered closest to Brassicaceae and Capparaceae. Molecular data (J. C. Hall et al. 2002, 2004) revealed an unexpected relationship to the Australian endemic Gyrostemonaceae and two genera of Capparaceae (Forchhammeria and Tirania). The foundations of the taxonomy of Resedaceae were established in the nineteenth century primarily through the work of J. Müller Argoviensis (1857, 1868), who recognized three tribes within the family (Astrocarpeae, Cayluseae, Resedeae) based on ovary and placentation type. Validity of his tribal classification was confirmed by later morphological and molecular studies (M. S. Abdallah and H. C. D. de Wit 1978; S. Martín-Bravo et al. 2007). Apparently, the only species of the family native to the New World is Oligomeris linifolia (see below).
|1||Leaf blades 0.8-5 × 0.05-0.2 cm, margins usually entire, sometimes toothed near base with 1-2 hyaline teeth; inflorescences usually dense spikes (or spikelike racemes); pedicels absent or nearly so; petals 2-3; stamens 3-4; intrastaminal nectary-discs absent.||Oligomeris|
|1||Leaf blades 3-15 × 0.5-5 cm, margins entire, pinnatisect, or lobed; inflorescences racemes; pedicels present; petals 4-6; stamens 10-40; intrastaminal nectary-discs present.||Reseda|
|Author||Santiago Martín-Bravo +, Gordon C. Tucker + and Thomas F. Daniel +|
|Common name||Mignonette Family +|
|Illustrator||Barbara Alongi +|
|Reference||abdallah1978a +, bolle1936a +, bravo2007a +, carlquist1998a +, edmonson1993a +, gonzalez-aguilera1984a +, hennig1929a +, kubitzky2003a +, mitra1979a +, naggar2002a +, sobick1983a + and weberling1968a +|
|Taxon name||Resedaceae +|
|Taxon rank||family +|
|Volume||Volume 7 +|