Acorus calamus

Linnaeus

Sp. Pl. 1: 324. 1753

Common names: Sweet-flag calamus
Treatment appears in FNA Volume 22.
Leaves basally white with pink or red, otherwise bright green; single midvein (secondary midrib) prominently raised above leaf surface, usually somewhat off-center, other veins barely or not raised; cross section rhomboid. Vegetative leaves to 1.75 m; sheathing base (proximal part of leaf) 22.1–66.5(–73.3) cm; distal part of leaf 31.9–95.8(–117.6) × 0.5–2 cm, 1.4–1.8 times longer than proximal part of leaf, margins sometimes undulate or crisped. Sympodial leaf (29.9–)34.7–159.1(–183.9) cm, usually shorter than to nearly equal to vegetative leaves; sheathing base 16.1–76.4(–100.1) cm; distal part of leaf 13.5–86.2(–101.2) × 0.4–1.9 cm. Spadix (3.8–)4.9–8.9 cm × 5.3–10.8 mm at anthesis, post-anthesis spadix 5.5–8.7 cm × 6–12.6 mm. Flowers 3–4 mm; pollen grains not staining in aniline blue. Fruits not produced in North America. 2n = 36.

Phenology: Flowering early spring–early summer.
Habitat: Wet open areas, marshes, swales, and along edges of quiet water
Elevation: 0–900 m

Distribution

V22 447-distribution-map.jpg

N.B., N.S., Ont., Que., Ala., Ark., Calif., Colo., Conn., Del., D.C., Ga., Ill., Ind., Iowa, Kans., Ky., La., Maine, Md., Mass., Mich., Minn., Miss., Mo., Nebr., N.H., N.J., N.Y., N.C., Ohio, Okla., Oreg., Pa., R.I., S.C., S.Dak., Tenn., Tex., Vt., Va., W.Va., Wis., Europe, Asia, Africa, Indian Ocean Islands, Pacific Islands.

Discussion

Acorus calamus, a sterile triploid, was introduced to North America by early European settlers, who grew it for medicinal uses. Rhizomes propagate easily, and the species has spread throughout northeast and central United States. Scattered populations occur elsewhere. Although leaf and spadix size of A. calamus and A. americanus overlap, those measurements differ significantly, with A. calamus in general having longer and wider leaves and longer spadices.

Lower Taxa

None.

Facts about "Acorus calamus"
AuthorSue A. Thompson +
AuthorityLinnaeus +
Common nameSweet-flag + and calamus +
DistributionN.B. +, N.S. +, Ont. +, Que. +, Ala. +, Ark. +, Calif. +, Colo. +, Conn. +, Del. +, D.C. +, Ga. +, Ill. +, Ind. +, Iowa +, Kans. +, Ky. +, La. +, Maine +, Md. +, Mass. +, Mich. +, Minn. +, Miss. +, Mo. +, Nebr. +, N.H. +, N.J. +, N.Y. +, N.C. +, Ohio +, Okla. +, Oreg. +, Pa. +, R.I. +, S.C. +, S.Dak. +, Tenn. +, Tex. +, Vt. +, Va. +, W.Va. +, Wis. +, Europe +, Asia +, Africa +, Indian Ocean Islands + and Pacific Islands. +
Elevation0–900 m +
HabitatWet open areas, marshes, swales, and along edges of quiet water +
IllustrationPresent +
Illustration copyrightFlora of North America Association +
IllustratorJohn Myers +
Introducedtrue +
PhenologyFlowering early spring–early summer. +
Publication titleSp. Pl. +
Publication year1753 +
Referencemotley1994a +
Source xmlhttps://jpend@bitbucket.org/aafc-mbb/fna-data-curation.git/src/f50eec43f223ca0e34566be0b046453a0960e173/coarse grained fna xml/V22/V22 447.xml +
Taxon familyAcoraceae +
Taxon nameAcorus calamus +
Taxon parentAcorus +
Taxon rankspecies +
VolumeVolume 22 +