Sketch. Bot. S. Carolina 2: 15. 1821
Phenology: Flowering spring–early summer.
Habitat: Deciduous forests, less often with pines, junipers, or other conifers
Elevation: 0-1200 m
N.B., N.S., Ont., P.E.I., Que., Ala., Ark., Conn., Del., Fla., Ga., Ill., Ind., Iowa, Kans., Ky., La., Maine, Md., Mass., Mich., Minn., Miss., Mo., Nebr., N.H., N.J., N.Y., N.C., Ohio, Okla., Pa., R.I., S.C., Tenn., Vt., Va., W.Va., Wis.
The "eye" formed by the persistent stigma in Actaea pachypoda is larger than that in A. rubra.
Red- and pink-berried plants have been called Actaea pachypoda forma rubrocarpa (Killip) Fernald or A. ludovicii Boivin. Some of these plants are intermediate in morphology between A. pachypoda and A. rubra; they may be of hybrid origin. The sterility of fruits in many such plants lends support to this theory (R. S. Mitchell and J. K. Dean 1982).
Actaea pachypoda has been called A. alba (Linnaeus) Miller in some manuals (e.g., H. A. Gleason and A. Cronquist 1991; S. M. Walters et al. 1984+, vol. 3; Great Plains Flora Association 1986). Other authors (e.g., M. L. Fernald 1940; C. S. Keener 1977) have argued that the name A. alba is based on an illustration that is conspecific with the type of the European A. spicata Linnaeus and does not apply to plants here called A. pachypoda.
Native Americans prepared infusions from Actaea pachypoda to use medicinally as a gargle or throat aid (D. E. Moerman 1986).
|Common name||Doll's-eyes +, actée à + and gros pédicelles +|
|Distribution||N.B. +, N.S. +, Ont. +, P.E.I. +, Que. +, Ala. +, Ark. +, Conn. +, Del. +, Fla. +, Ga. +, Ill. +, Ind. +, Iowa +, Kans. +, Ky. +, La. +, Maine +, Md. +, Mass. +, Mich. +, Minn. +, Miss. +, Mo. +, Nebr. +, N.H. +, N.J. +, N.Y. +, N.C. +, Ohio +, Okla. +, Pa. +, R.I. +, S.C. +, Tenn. +, Vt. +, Va. +, W.Va. + and Wis. +|
|Elevation||0-1200 m +|
|Habitat||Deciduous forests, less often with pines, junipers, or other conifers +|
|Illustrator||John Myers +|
|Phenology||Flowering spring–early summer. +|
|Publication title||Sketch. Bot. S. Carolina +|
|Publication year||1821 +|
|Source xml||https://firstname.lastname@example.org/aafc-mbb/fna-data-curation.git/src/8f726806613d60c220dc4493de13607dd3150896/coarse grained fna xml/V3/V3 476.xml +|
|Special status||Endemic + and Selected by author to be illustrated +|
|Taxon family||Ranunculaceae +|
|Taxon name||Actaea pachypoda +|
|Taxon parent||Actaea +|
|Taxon rank||species +|
|Volume||Volume 3 +|